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Use of In-furrow Fungicide Treatments and Seedpiece Dusts for Disease Control in White Potato

ID

2906-1394

Authors as Published

Christine M. Waldenmaier, Plant Pathology Technician, VA Tech, Eastern Shore AREC

On the Eastern Shore of Virginia, potato growers plant potatoes in early spring for summer harvest. Fungicide dusts have been typically used to protect the potato seedpiece from infection when planted in cool, wet soil in the early spring. Protection of the seed piece should result in healthier stands of potatoes and higher yields at harvest. Trials were conducted in 2003 and 2004 to examine some of the newer fungicide dust treatments and to compare and combine them with in-furrow sprays of Amistar or Ridomil Gold for the control of Rhizocotonia solani, and bacterial soft rot caused by Erwinia carotovora subsp carotovora. Results presented here are for selected treatments that were evaluated in both years. These studies contained other treatments - for more information call Christine Waldenmaier (757) 414-0724.

 

Treatment2003 Results2004 Results
Yield cwt/A% Rot at harvestYield cwt/A% Rot at harvest
Quadris (Amistar) in-furrow292 a2 c222 a13 a
Ridomil Gold in-furrow 0.42 fl oz/1000 ft row288 a3 bc180 abc5 a
Moncoat Dust 12 oz/100 lb seed285 a7 abc175 abc6 a
Maxim Dust 8 oz/100 lb seed266 ab4 bc186 ab12 a
Maneb Dust 16 oz/100 lb seed273 ab12 a132 b19 a
Untreated Control237 b9 ab152 bc15 a

 

2003 Results: Seed that did not emerge 27 days after planting (DAP) were dug up and examined for decay. All treatments had significantly less soft-rotted seedpieces than the untreated control. Quadris was the only treatment to significantly decrease the percentage of rotten tubers at harvest when compared with the control. Total yield was significantly increased by Moncoat, Quadris in-furrow, and Ridomil Gold in-furrow when compared to the untreated control

2004 Results: Overall, only 3% of the seed pieces did not emerge and of these only 21% were infected with soft rot bacteria. This infection could not be correlated with any particular treatment. Ten stems taken randomly from each plot were evaluated for Rhizoctonia infection on 7/8. Amistar (Quadris) in-furrow and Maxim both reduced lesion length significantly when compared with the untreated control, but not significantly more than any other treatment. Amistar (Quadris) in-furrow increased total yield significantly when compared with the untreated control and Maneb treatment, however, marketable yield and percent U.S. #1 potatoes did not differ significantly by treatment.

 

Originally printed in Virginia Vegetable, Small Fruit and Specialty Crops – January February 2005.

Rights


Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, re-print, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.

Publisher

Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Alan L. Grant, Dean, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences; Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; Jewel E. Hairston, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State, Petersburg.

Date

August 18, 2009