Based on data from the U.S. Grain Council (www.grains.org), grain sorghum is the third most important cereal crop grown in the United States and the fifth most important cereal crop grown in the world. The United States, with approximately 9.7 million acres harvested in the 2009-10 cropping season, is the world’s largest producer of grain sorghum, followed by India and Nigeria. Sorghum production in the U.S. is concentrated in the central and southern plains of five states — Kansas, Texas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Missouri — representing approximately 89 percent of total production.
In many parts of the world, sorghum has traditionally been used for food. In the United States, sorghum is primarily used for animal feed, but also for food and industry derivatives such as wallboard and biodegradable packaging materials. Recently, sweet sorghums have been considered for bioenergy feedstock production.
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Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; M. Ray McKinnie, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State University, Petersburg.
April 25, 2013