This publication is available in PDF format only.
Virginia gardeners have many challenges, but one of the toughest is dealing with those ever present, pesky deer. Virginia Cooperative Extension and Virginia Tech use an integrated pest management (IPM) approach to manage pests like deer. This publication outlines the IPM steps you can take to enjoy your gardening activity and be successful in spite of the presence of deer. We’ll provide you a decision making process that begins with the most effective and best economic solutions that have the least possibility of causing other problems.
Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.
Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; M. Ray McKinnie, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State University, Petersburg.
September 5, 2013