|2009-2011 Performance of Sorghum Hybrids in the Virginia-Carolina Region||Apr 25, 2013||AREC-11P|
|2011 Insect Pest Management in Virginia Cotton, Peanut, and Soybean||Feb 1, 2012||AREC-7|
|2011 Virginia Peanut Production Guide||Jan 12, 2011||2810-1017|
|2012 Insect Pest Management in Virginia Cotton, Peanut, and Soybean||Jan 28, 2013||AREC-37NP|
|2012 Performance of Sorghum Hybrids in Virginia||Nov 26, 2012||AREC-30NP|
|2013 Insect Pest Management In Virginia Cotton, Peanut, Soybean, and Sorghum||Dec 10, 2013||AREC-61NP|
|2014 Insect Pest Management in Virginia Cotton and Peanut||Feb 9, 2015||ENTO-109NP|
|2014 Virginia Peanut Production Guide||May 2, 2014||AREC-58NP|
|2016 Insect Pest Management in Virginia Cotton, Peanut, and Soybean||Jan 20, 2017||AREC-200NP|
|2016 Virginia Peanut Production Guide||
Recommendations for the use of agricultural chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the reader. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by Virginia Tech nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. Individuals who use agricultural chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain information about usage regulations and examine a current product label before applying any chemical.
|Jan 28, 2016||AREC-157NP|
|2017 Virginia Peanut Production Guide||Feb 17, 2017||AREC-117NP (AREC-197NP)|
|Agronomy Handbook, 2000||May 1, 2009||424-100||
|Aphids in Virginia Small Grains: Life Cycles, Damage and Control||
Four species of aphids attack small grains in Virginia -- greenbug, corn leaf aphid, bird cherry-oat aphid, and English grain aphid. In general, these aphids are small pear-shaped insects (1/16 to 1/8 inch long) that are green to nearly black, or sometimes pinkish in color. Immature aphids look just like adults except smaller. Both winged and wing-less forms can occur in the same colony. All grain aphids have a pair of conicles, tailpipe-like projections, on the top side of the tail end. Aphids feed singly or in colonies on upper and lower leaf surfaces and stems. They feed near plant bases when plants are young or during cold weather, and on upper-canopy leaves, stems, and even grain heads later in the season.
|Nov 13, 2014||444-018|
|Biology and Management of Hessian Fly in the Southeast||Feb 27, 2013||AREC-39P (ANR-1069)|
|Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Biology And Management In Mid-Atlantic Soybeans||
The mission of the Delaware Soybean Board (DSB), Maryland Soybean Board (MSB), and Virginia Soybean Board (VSB) is to maximize the profitability of soybean producers in their respective states by investing soybean checkoff funds in targeted domestic and international research, promotion and communication initiatives. The volunteer farmer- leaders who serve on the DSB, MSB and VSB boards of directors invest your checkoff dollars in research to improve soybean production practices to make your farm more profitable and ensure the sustainability of Mid-Atlantic soybean production.
This guide reviews the biology and threat of brown marmorated stink bug and management strategies in soybeans to help you continue to be successful in your soybean operation. DSB, MSB and VSB would like to thank the collaborating researchers from the University of Delaware, University of Maryland and Virginia Tech for contributing information and providing technical editing for this guide.
|Nov 5, 2015||ENTO-168NP|
|Catalpa Sphinx Caterpillar||
Catalpa sphinx caterpillars, also known as “Catalpa worms”, are major defoliators of catalpa, their only host. With their chewing mouthparts, they strip away large portions of the leaves. In heavy infestations they can completely defoliate the entire tree. Apparently trees on high ground with poor soil are rarely, if ever, attacked. In some years, depending on the region, many trees will have all their leaves stripped away by the end of the summer. This may be followed by years with no defoliation observed at all. The fluctuation between outbreak and no defoliation is largely due to the activity of parasites.
|Nov 14, 2014||2911-1421 (ENTO-88NP)|
|Cereal Leaf Beetle, Biology and Management||
Cereal leaf beetle, a native to Europe and Asia, was first detected in Michigan in 1962. Since that time it has spread throughout most of the mid-western and eastern United States and has become a significant pest of Virginia and North Carolina small grains. This insect can become very numerous in small grain fields and the larvae are capable of reducing grain yield by eating the green leaf tissue.
|Nov 13, 2014||444-350|
|Corn Earworm Biology and Management in Soybeans||
Corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea, is the most common and destructive insect pest of soybeans grown in Virginia. Although infestation severity varies, about one-third of our acreage is treated annually. This costs farmers 1.5 to 2 million dollars annually, and requires the application of many pounds of insecticide to crop lands. We may never eliminate this pest from Virginia soybeans, but knowledge of the biology and use of best management practices can help limit insecticide controls to those fields that meet economic threshold criteria. This publication provides current information on corn earworm biology, prediction of outbreaks, pest advisories, scouting procedures, and recently revised economic thresholds.
|Nov 13, 2014||444-770|
|Field Guide to Stink Bugs||Nov 17, 2014||444-356 (ENTO-68)|
|Growing Bread Wheat in the Mid-Atlantic Region||
The more than 55 million people who live in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States want to purchase processed grain foods such as bread and other dough products made from hard, or bread, wheat.
|May 1, 2009||424-024|
|Growing Hulless Barley in the Mid-Atlantic||May 1, 2009||424-022|
|IMPACT: Virginia Potato Disease Advisory Impact||Nov 13, 2014||ANR-105P|
|IMPACT: Virginia Winter Fruit School Impact||May 13, 2015||AREC-135NP|
|Identifying Soybean Fields at Risk to Leaf-Feeding Insects||
||May 1, 2009||444-203|
|Insect Pest Management in Virginia Cotton, Peanut, and Soybean 2015||Mar 8, 2016||ENTO-184NP|
|Insect Pest Management in Virginia: Cotton, Peanut, and Soybean 2010||May 1, 2009||2812-1027|
|Integrated Pest Management Peanut Scouting Manual||
Integrated Pest ManagementIn the competitive global peanut market, you need to lower production costs. At the same time, you also need to keep pesticide residues in peanuts to a minimum; protect rivers, streams, and lakes from runoff; and prevent chemicals from leaching through the soil to groundwater. Using IPM to protect crops only from pests that are likely to cause economic losses is a good way to meet these goals.
The Three Keys to IPM
|Nov 13, 2014||444-126|
|Intensive Soft Red Winter Wheat Production||
New and successful techniques have been developed for intensive soft red winter wheat management by a multidisciplinary research and Extension team at Virginia Tech. Research was started in the early 1980's and continues today. The guidelines presented in this manual and the accompanying videotape are based on that research.
|May 1, 2009||424-803|
|Locust Leafminer||Mar 17, 2016||3101-1528 (ENTO-205NP)|
|Managing Stink Bugs in Cotton: Research in the Southeast Region||
Stink bug pests across the south eastern cotton belt consist of three main species: the brown stink bug, Euschistus servus (Say); the green stink bug, Acrosternum hilare (Say); and the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (L.) Due to the diverse environmental conditions across this production region, population levels of these species vary widely across seasons, states, and fields. In North Carolina and Virginia, green and brown stink bugs are the primary species, while southern green and brown stink bugs predominate in Georgia,and all three species are commonly observed in South Carolina.
|Sep 23, 2009||444-390|
|Monitoring and Management of Beet Armyworm and Other Rind-feeding Larvae in Watermelon||
The following are categories of plants known to thrive in the southeastern/Hampton Roads area of
|Apr 21, 2011||3104-1540|
|No-Tillage Small Grain Production in Virginia||May 1, 2009||424-005|
|Second Edition Mid-Atlantic Guide to the Insect Pests and Beneficials of Corn, Soybean, and Small Grains||Oct 4, 2012||444-360|
|Soybean Insect Guide||Feb 7, 2014||AREC-68NP|
|The Peanut Southern Corn Rootworm Advisory||
The southern corn rootworm (SCR) has long been considered a major pest of peanuts in North Carolina and Virginia. However, researchers and Extension faculty at Virginia Tech and NC State have determined through more than 400 commercial field trials that the majority of peanut fields do not need to be treated. They have developed and tested a simple-to-use advisory that identifies those fields not at risk for pod damage or economic loss. The Southern Corn Rootworm Advisory can save you time and money as well as help you use insecticides more efficiently.
|Nov 13, 2014||444-351|
|Troubleshooting The Soybean Crop||Nov 16, 2012||AREC-25NP|
|Virginia Cotton Production Guide 2014||Feb 7, 2014||AREC-62NP|
|Virginia Cotton Production Guide 2016||
Proper soil fertility management ensures sufficient nutrients for maximum cotton production. Obtaining and maintaining appropriate soil nutrient concentrations is imperative, as fertilizer inputs are the largest component of production budgets for Virginia cotton farmers. At the same time, excessive nutrient application wastes money, wastes natural resources, and can negatively impact yields and environmental quality.
|Feb 22, 2016||AREC-124NP (AREC-165NP)|
|Winter Grain Mite||
Species: Penthaleus major (Dugès)
Size: Adult, 1 mm long; eggs, .25 mm long..
Color: Adult is dark brown to almost black with red legs (Figs. 1 and 2); nymph is brownish with orange legs; a young larva is bright pink to orange but darkens to light brown after one day; freshly deposited eggs are smooth, kidney shaped, and reddish orange, but within minutes become wrinkled and after several days become a straw yellow color.
Description: The adult is relatively large compared to other spider mites and is the only mite of economic importance with the anal pore (a tan to orange spot best seen with microscope, but can be seen with a hand lens) on the upper surface of the abdomen.
|Nov 13, 2014||444-037|