Resources by John Freeborn

Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
Urban Water Quality Management–Residential Stormwater: Put It in Its Place. Decreasing Runoff and Increasing Stormwater Infiltration
Humans and plants depend on an adequate supply of clean water for a number of reasons, from producingfood to sustaining life. The average Virginia resident uses 826 gallons of fresh water daily (Virginia Department of Environmental Quality [VADEQ] 2008). In the Commonwealth alone, there are more than one million households that depend on well water, withdrawing more than 50 billion gallons annually (Virginia Department of Health 2008). For groundwater replenishment, we depend largely on recharge (water moving from the surface to groundwater) from infiltration of precipitation through permeable surfaces in the environment — an important part of the natural water cycle (VADEQ 2010).
Jun 18, 2015 426-046(HORT-160P)
Backyard Wildlife Habitats Mar 6, 2015 426-070 (HORT-155P)
Planning the Vegetable Garden
How much time will you be able to devote to your garden on a regular basis? The answer to this question will dictate the size of your garden. You must remember that, once planted, the garden will have to be weeded once a week, irrigated during droughts, and vegetables harvested when ripe. Depending on the type of vegetables, you may also need to undertake pest control measures.
Dec 11, 2015 426-312 (HORT-209P)
Soil Preparation
The ideal soil for a vegetable garden is deep, friable, and well-drained with a high organic matter content. Proper soil preparation provides the basis for good seed germination and the subsequent growth of garden crops. Careful use of various soil amendments can improve garden soil and provide the best possible starting ground for your crops.
Aug 12, 2015 426-313 (HORT-191P)
Seed For The Garden Apr 21, 2015 426-316 (HORT-153P)
Fertilizing the Vegetable Garden
The amount of fertilizer to apply to a garden depends on the natural fertility of the soil, the amount of organic matter present, the type of fertilizer used, and the crop being grown. The best way to determine fertilizer needs is to have the soil tested. Soil testing is available through your local Extension agent, through private labs, and with soil test kits which can be purchased from garden shops and catalogs.
Apr 16, 2015 426-323 (HORT-144P)
Mulches for the Home Vegetable Garden
Mulching is a practice adaptable to nearly all home gardens. To mulch is simply to cover the soil around plants with a protective material, organic or inorganic.
Mar 20, 2015 426-326(HORT-140P)
Vegetable Gardening in Containers
If you don’t have space for a vegetable garden or if your present site is too small, consider raising fresh, nutritious, homegrown vegetables in containers. A window sill, patio, balcony, or doorstep can provide sufficient space for a productive container garden. Problems with soil-borne diseases, nematodes, or poor soil can also be overcome by switching to container gardening.
Mar 18, 2015 426-336 (HORT-141P)
Weeds in the Home Vegetable Garden Apr 22, 2015 426-364 (HORT-157P)
Minimum Chemical Gardening Apr 22, 2015 426-366 (HORT-161P)
Season Extenders Apr 22, 2015 426-381 (HORT-159P)
Asparagus Mar 6, 2015 426-401(HORT-152P)
Beans Apr 16, 2015 426-402 (HORT-145P)
Cole Crops or Brassicas Apr 21, 2015 426-403 (HORT-156P)
Sweet Corn Mar 16, 2015 426-405 (HORT-151P)
Cucumbers, Melons and Squash
Varieties include both the slicer or fresh salad type and the pickle type (which can also be used fresh); vined, dwarfvined and bush varieties; all female or all-female seedless (no pollination required); burpless; and, various mixtures of these characteristics. Disease resistance is available in many varieties.
Mar 16, 2015 426-406 (HORT-147P)
Leafy Green Vegetables
Lettuce, a cool-season vegetable crop, is one of the easiest to grow. Lettuce withstands light frost; however, sunlight and high summer temperatures usually cause seedstalk formation (bolting) and bitter flavor. Slow-bolting or heat-resistant varieties are available and are recommended for extending the lettuce-growing season.
Mar 16, 2015 426-408 (HORT-148P)
Onions, Garlic, and Shallots
Onions are often grouped according to taste. The two main types of onions are strong flavored (American) and mild (often called European). Each has three distinct colors, yellow, white, and red. In general, the American onion produces bulbs of smaller size, denser texture, stronger flavor, and better keeping quality than European types. Globe varieties tend to keep longer in storage.
Mar 16, 2015 426-411(HORT-143P)
Potatoes, Peppers and Eggplant Apr 16, 2015 426-413 (HORT-146P)
Tomatoes
Tomatoes are valuable garden plants in that they require relatively little space for large production. Each standard tomato plant, properly cared for, yields 10 to 15 pounds or more of fruit.Diane Relf, Retired Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia Tech Alan McDaniel, Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia Tech Ronald Morse, Former Associate Professor, Horticulture, Virginia Tech Reviewed by John Freeborn, Assistant Master Gardener Coordinator, Horticulture, Virginia Tech
Sep 29, 2016 426-418 (HORT-288P)
Sprouting Seeds For Food Jun 1, 2017 426-419 (HORT-154P)
Root Crops Mar 5, 2015 426-422 (HORT-150P)
The Art of Bonsai Mar 3, 2015 426-601 (HORT-158P)
Building Healthy Soil Jun 1, 2017 426-711 (HORT-244NP)
Landscaping for Less in the Landfill Jun 1, 2017 426-716 (HORT-243NP)