Resources by Michael Goatley
|Low-Maintenance Turfgrass Evaluation, 2008 Report||May 1, 2009||2901-1080|
|Sod Source Selection, Installation, Maintenance, and Producers in Virginia||
While high-quality sod is available outside of the VCIA-certified sod program, the consumer is encouraged to be aware of factors that are important in determining sod quality. Quality sod contains excellent turf varieties with good sod strength (i.e., easy to handle for both harvest and installation) and has no serious insect, weed, or disease problems.
|Feb 19, 2016||418-040 (CSES-151P)|
|Groundwater Quality and the Use of Lawn and Garden Chemicals by Homeowners||May 1, 2009||426-059|
|Summer Lawn Management: Watering the Lawn||
Water makes up 75 to 85 percent of the weight of a healthy grass plant. It is essential for seed germination, tissue formation, plant cooling, food manufacture, and nutrient absorption and transport. A grass plant loses the most water under conditions of high light intensity, high temperature, low relative humidity, and windy conditions. Without adequate water, the grass plant can’t cool itself and becomes susceptible to wilting, desiccation, and death.
|Mar 31, 2014||430-010 (CSES-79P)|
|Fertilización del Césped en Virginia||Jan 20, 2017||430-011s (CSES-166P)|
|Urban Nutrient Management Handbook||Apr 28, 2011||430-350|
|Winter Management and Recovery Tips to Optimize Athletic Field Safety and Performance for Spring Sports||Nov 2, 2009||430-408|
|Fall Lawn Care||
The fall season is an important transition period of turfgrass growth and development, and the management of your warm- and cool-season grasses at this time of year means a great deal in terms of anticipated success in your lawn the following spring.
|Jul 2, 2015||430-520(CSES-109P)|
|"Leave" Them Alone: Lawn Leaf Management||Apr 15, 2015||430-521 (CSES-96P)|
|Maintenance Calendar for Warm-Season Lawns in Virginia||Feb 25, 2016||430-522 (CSES-152P)|
|Maintenance Calendar for Cool-Season Turfgrasses in Virginia||Feb 3, 2016||430-523 (CSES-153NP)|
|Pest Monitoring Calendar for Home Lawns in Virginia||May 1, 2009||430-524|
|Spring and Summer Lawn Management Considerations for Cool-Season Turfgrasses||May 1, 2009||430-532|
|Spring and Summer Lawn Management Considerations for Warm-Season Turfgrasses||May 1, 2009||430-533|
|Lawn Moss: Friend or Foe?||May 1, 2009||430-536|
|Soil Testing for the Lawn and Landscape||May 1, 2009||430-540|
|Water Reuse: Using Reclaimed Water for Irrigation||
Water reuse can be defined as the use of reclaimed water for a direct beneficial purpose.
|Aug 29, 2018||452-014 (SPES-1)|
|Soil Test Note 17: Lawn Fertilization for Cool Season Grasses||May 1, 2009||452-717|
|Soil Test Note 18: Lawn Fertilization for Warm Season Grasses||May 1, 2009||452-718|
|Powell River Project - Establishment and Maintenance of Quality Turfgrass on Surface-mined Land||Mar 15, 2018||460-127 (CSES-213P)|
|Environmental Best Management Practices for Virginia's Golf Courses||Feb 27, 2013||ANR-48NP|
|Fertilizer Applicator Certification Training||May 4, 2018||ANR-66|
|Lawn Care: Hand Tools Safety||
Many hand tools such as shovels, hoes, rakes, trimmers, and pruners are widely used in lawn care and landscaping. While these tools appear to be harmless, when used improperly, they can cause injuries that sometimes require medical treatment. In 2006, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported nearly 205,000 cases of injuries and/or illnesses resulting from the use of hand tools.
|Nov 5, 2013||BSE-40NP (BSE-98P)|
|Lawn Care: Powered Hand Tool Safety||
In addition to mowers and hand tools, several powered hand tools such as string trimmers, lawn edgers, hedge trimmers, and leaf blowers are widely used in landscaping work. These machines can be dangerous if they are used improperly. A past study has shown that string trimmers and edgers alone cause more than 4,600 injuries that require emergency room treatment each year. About one-third of these cases are eye injuries.
|Nov 6, 2013||BSE-41NP (BSE-97P)|
|Lawn Care: Rotary Mower Safety||Nov 5, 2013||BSE-42NP (BSE-96P)|
|Lawn Care: Tractor Safety||
Most tractors used in landscaping, lawn care, and golf course maintenance are compact tractors in the 20 to 40 horsepower range. Although these tractors are considerably smaller than farm tractors, they are susceptible to the same types of accidents, with potential for serious injuries or deaths. Causes for such serious accidents are often the same in both cases, and therefore, the steps to take to avoid the accidents are the same.
|Nov 5, 2013||BSE-43NP (BSE-100P)|
|Lawn Care: Utility-Type Vehicle Safety||
Utility-type vehicles are popular, multipurpose equipment used for different applications in the lawn care industry. Their hauling capability and versatility have increased their popularity, and they are widely used in rural, suburban, and urban settings for a variety of lawn care, agricultural, construction, and industrial applications.
|Nov 5, 2013||BSE-44NP (BSE-99P)|
|Guidelines for Protecting Youth Workers: Promote Safe Practices and Protect Youth Workers||
A large number of teenage workers in the U.S. engage in summer jobs for reasons such as personal development, gaining work experience, developing work skills, and generating funds for furthering their education and for spending money.
|Aug 13, 2014||BSE-46NP (BSE-107P)|
|Rotary Mowers Safety: Lawncare Training Guide||
Mowing lawns continues to be one of the most popular summer job opportunities for youth given the affordable cost and ease in operation of most rotary mowers. However, easy access and widespread use of mowers often creates a false sense of security among the users of these machines. Data from a seven-year period (1996-2003) showed the highest rate of hospitalization from lawn mower injuries was for youth workers ages 15 to 19. The Consumer Product Safety Commission reported that more than 37,000 riding mower injuries occurred from 2003 through 2005 alone. During the same period, there were 95 fatalities due to riding mower tip-over. The purpose of this training guide is to reduce the number of mower accidents and injuries by familiarizing young workers with rotary mowers and their safe operation.
|Aug 12, 2014||BSE-47P (BSE-110P)|
|Tractor Safety: Lawn Care Training Guide, Safe Use of Tractors||
Tractors are versatile equipment used in a variety of jobs ranging from hauling goods to lawn care to agriculture. While they are extremely versatile, they can be very dangerous unless they are used with care following safe practices
|Sep 25, 2014||BSE-48NP (BSE-111P)|
|Utility Type Vehicles: UTV Maintenance and Safe Use Lawn Care Training Guide||
Utility type vehicles (UTVs) are popular equipment used in a variety of settings, including the lawn care industry. Their hauling capacity and versatility have increased their popularity, and they are widely used in rural, suburban, and urban settings for a variety of lawn care, agricultural, construction, and industrial applications. Considering that UTVs are widely used in the green industry, it is extremely important that young workers in the industry become familiar with the safe operation of UTVs. The purpose of this training guide is to familiarize young workers with the safe use of UTVs.
|Jun 6, 2014||BSE-49NP (BSE-108P)|
|Powered Hand Tools Safety: Lawncare Training Guide||
In addition to rotary mowers, many powered hand tools such as string trimmers, lawn edgers, hedge trimmers, and leaf blowers are widely used in lawn care. While these devices are very useful in making jobs easier and more efficient, they can be dangerous if used without proper training and care. In 1989 the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission reported that power lawn trimmers and edgers alone have caused about 4,600 injuries annually that required medical attention. About one-third of these were eye-related.
|Sep 24, 2014||BSE-50P (BSE-112P)|
|Hand Tools Safety: Lawn Care Training Guide Hand Tool Care and Safe Use||
Many hand tools such as rakes, shovels, and pruners are used widely in lawn care operations. While these non-powered tools are not known to cause major injuries, they have the potential for injuries that may require absence from work and/or medical assistance when they are used improperly.
|Sep 15, 2014||BSE-51P (BSE-113P)|
|Lawn Fertilization in Virginia||
Fertilization of lawns is essential for the production of quality turf in Virginia. However, exceeding recommended fertilizer application rates or improper application timing can negatively impact surface water and groundwater quality.
|Dec 11, 2015||430-011 (CSES-135P)|
|2017-2018 Virginia Turfgrass Variety Recommendations||
The Maryland-Virginia Turfgrass Variety Recommendation Work Group meets each Spring to consider the previous year’s data from Virginia and Maryland National Turfgrass Evaluation Program (NTEP) and ancillary trials and to formulate these recommendations. Virginia and Maryland variety recommendations are essentially identical except for specialized grasses and research situations that differ due to adaptation and state regulation.
|Jun 30, 2017||CSES-17NP (CSES-195NP)|
|Optimizing Bermudagrass Athletic Field Winter Survival in the Transition Zone||Nov 15, 2017||CSES-200P|
|A Lawn To Dye For - How to Create a Perfect Lawn: Soil Testing||Oct 25, 2012||CSES-34NP|
|A Lawn To Dye For - How to Create a Perfect Lawn: Watering The Lawn||Oct 26, 2012||CSES-35NP|
|A Lawn To Dye For - How to Create a Perfect Lawn: Dethatching Your Lawn||Oct 26, 2012||CSES-36NP|
|A Lawn To Dye For - How to Create a Perfect Lawn: Lawn Composting||Oct 29, 2012||CSES-37NP|
|A Lawn To Dye For - How to Create a Perfect Lawn: Aerating Your Lawn||Oct 29, 2012||CSES-38NP|
|A Lawn To Dye For - How to Create a Perfect Lawn: Mowing Your Lawn||Oct 29, 2012||CSES-39NP|
|A Lawn To Dye For - How to Create a Perfect Lawn: Fighting Weeds||Oct 29, 2012||CSES-40NP|
|A Lawn To Dye For - How to Create a Perfect Lawn: Choosing The Right Grass||Oct 29, 2012||CSES-41NP|
|A Lawn To Dye For - How to Create a Perfect Lawn: Fighting Lawn Pests||Oct 29, 2012||CSES-42NP|
|A Lawn To Dye For - How to Create a Perfect Lawn: Dealing With Lawn Disease||Oct 29, 2012||CSES-43NP|
|Turf and Garden Tips: What can be done about crayfish in lawns?||Aug 16, 2013||CSES-64NP|
|2018-2019 Virginia Turfgrass Variety Recommendations||Oct 8, 2018||SPES-66NP|
|A Spreadsheet-Based Calculator for Lawn Fertilizer and Lime Applications in Virginia - Workbook||Sep 17, 2018||SPES-40A|