|10 Years' Experiences with Plasticulture Strawberries in a Colder Area||
Over the past decade we've produced Chandler strawberries on plastic mulch on one to two acres per year in the mountains of western Virginia at elevation of about 2,400'.
|Jul 23, 2009||2906-1320|
|1988 - 1995 Apricot Variety Evaluations in Virginia||May 1, 2009||422-761|
|1995 Apple Variety Evaluations||May 1, 2009||422-760|
|2014 Spray Bulletin for Commercial Tree Fruit Growers||Feb 19, 2014||456-419 (ANR-92P)|
|Actigard May Reduce Disease in Strawberry||
One of the biggest problems facing strawberry production in Virginia is disease management.
|Jul 14, 2009||2906-1330|
|Assessing the Economic Feasibility of Growing Specialized Apple Cultivars for Sale to Commercial Hard Cider Producers||Sep 30, 2013||AREC-46P|
|Blueberry Mulching Re-visited||
We continue to be impressed and pleased with the new growth on our older highbush blueberries since we began a more regular or calendar-based soil mulching program on them a couple years ago.
|Aug 11, 2009||2906-1379|
|Brown Rot on Peach and Other Stone Fruits||May 1, 2009||450-721|
|Cucumber Beetle Management in Melons||
Cucumber beetles can be a major pest of cucurbit crops in Virginia, particularly cantaloupes and cucumbers. This was displayed in dramatic fashion this spring at the Eastern Shore AREC.
|Jul 21, 2009||2906-1303|
Elderberries, although somewhat bland to eat fresh, have always been quite a treat when rendered into jam, syrup, or wine. But the native American species, Sambucus Canadensis (Caprifoliaceae, or honeysuckle family), has never reached the mainstream market as have blueberries and strawberries.
|Jul 24, 2009||2906-1334|
|Forced-Air Produce Cooler||
Field heat removal from freshly harvested produce is critical for subsequent handling and storage. Heat removal should be done immediately after harvest to maximize storage potential of the produce. The longer heat removal is delayed, the shorter the shelf life. Force air cooling has been design to remove field heat to bring the produce temperature down to the storage temperature.
|Jan 28, 2015||442-060 (AREC-118P)|
|Frost/Freeze Protection in Strawberries||
Even though the coldest part of the season has past, beware of temperature fluctuations during bloom that can plunge below freezing and damage emerging flowers. Strawberry crowns are fairly tolerant of low temperatures when fully dormant. However, as the plant awakens, re-hydrates tissues and begins to grow there is a concurrent loss of cold tolerance.
|Aug 17, 2009||2906-1386|
|Growing Apples in Virginia||May 1, 2009||422-023|
|Growing Cherries in Virginia||May 1, 2009||422-018|
|Growing Peaches & Nectarines in Virginia||May 1, 2009||422-019|
|Growing Pears in Virginia||May 1, 2009||422-017|
|Hill System Plastic Mulched Strawberry Production Guide for Colder Areas||
This production guide was written to answer inquiries for information by many potential new strawberry growers in this region north of the Carolinas. The information presented herein was developed from our research results and field experience of several years with plasticulture strawberries at Kentland Agricultural Research Farm near Blacksburg, Virginia, at an elevation of approximately 2,400 feet above mean sea level.
|May 1, 2009||438-018|
|Managing Plant Diseases with Biofungicides||
Diseases in greenhouse vegetables and floriculture crops can be managed effectively with biological fungicides (biofungicides). A biofungicide is composed of beneficial microorganisms, such as specialized fungi and bacteria that attack and control plant pathogens and the diseases they cause (USDA). These specialized fungi and bacteria are microorganisms that normally inhabit most soils.
|Jul 17, 2009||2906-1298|
|Mite Management on Recently Planted Plasticulture Strawberries||
Fall management of mites: Transplants and plugs can arrive with mite problems right off the bat! Be sure to carefully examine the undersides of the leaves (with 10x lens) of your new bare-root and plug plants in the field for the presence of 2-spotted spider mites in the early fall.
|Jul 22, 2009||2906-1313|
|Multi-Cropping Plasticulture in the Mid-Atlantic Area||
Plasticulture is very expensive for smaller growers to establish. Multi-cropping would spread these costs over more than one crop. Double-cropping is done in the mid-Atlantic area but the favorable climate of Virginia's Eastern Shore should make three crops possible.
|Jul 22, 2009||2906-1314|
|New Primocane Raspberry Experiences and Potentials - Update for Year 2002||
This is the first of a two part series written by former Virginia Tech Extension Specialist, Charlie O'Dell. Charlie has been keeping very busy in retirement growing small fruit and vegetables for his U-Pick operation near Blacksburg. In this segment he has some great insight and practical experience to share with us about new primocane raspberry varieties and production considerations for both new and established growers.
|Jul 23, 2009||2906-1321|
|New Strawberry Variety Released By NC State; Being Tested In Virginia Tech Study||
Over the years that strawberry plasticulture has been implemented in the region, growers have relied on only a few cultivars, most notably "Chandler" and "Camarosa", to support this high-dollar industry. Last month, Dr. Jim Ballington of NC State announced the public release of a new cultivar developed through his breeding program.
|Jul 22, 2009||2906-1315|
|Notes on Harvesting and Handling Melons||
Depending on where you are in Virginia, cantaloupe harvest has been ongoing since mid-to late June in the Southeast, and early July in the Piedmont and Southwest. Watermelon harvest is in full swing in the east and just starting for growers in the Southwest. These two types of melons make up the majority of acreage in the state, though there are some honeydew and specialty melons such as casaba, crenshaw and french charentais grown for direct markets.
|Jul 21, 2009||2906-1308|
|Observations from the Crows Nest - Notes on Winter Protection of Strawberry Crowns||
Recently during the cold snap we had in January I had a few eastern Piedmont growers inquire as to the need for covering their strawberries, I posed the question to Charlie O'Dell regarding his past experiences with strawberry crown damage in an uncovered, unprotected situation.
|Jul 29, 2009||2906-1349|
|Off-season Management Tasks and Considerations for Selected Small Fruit Crops||
Late fall, winter and early spring is an important period of management for small fruit crops such as strawberries, blackberries and raspberries, blueberries, and currants/gooseberries. Paying attention to management details during this time helps to ensure a successful crop the following season.
|Aug 17, 2009||2906-1390|
|Peach and Nectarine Varieties for Virginia||May 1, 2009||422-762|
|Pest Management Guide: Field Crops, 2014||Feb 3, 2014||456-016 (ENTO-37P)|
|Pest Management Guide: Horticultural and Forest Crops, 2014||Jan 28, 2014||456-017 (ENTO-38P)|
|Physiology of Pruning Fruit Trees||May 1, 2009||422-025|
|Potential for Vegetables During the Strawberry Season||
The potential of bringing early vegetable crop sales into the strawberry season is a marketing opportunity worth considering. It makes sense to have early season vegetable crops available as customers come out for the first strawberries of the season.
|Aug 4, 2009||2906-1365|
|Pruning Peach Trees||Jan 28, 2015||422-020 (HORT-93P)|
|Response of Erect Blackberries to Improved Water and Nutrient Management||
A few years ago we planted an acre of newer varieties of erect blackberries including thornless varieties Apache, Arapaho, Navaho, Chester and Ouachita, and thorny ones including Shawnee, Kiowa and Chickasaw.
|Aug 17, 2009||2906-1392|
|Small Fruit Planting - Reasons for Planning Ahead||
More often than not you have heard recommendations that call for planning planting activities a year in advance for perennial crops such as small fruit: blueberries, brambles and strawberries. This recommendation is an important one and made for several key reasons: future weed control, fertility management, soil building, and to facilitate early planting.
|Aug 7, 2009||2906-1371|
|Specialty Crop Profile: Blueberries||
Blueberries are long-lived, woody perennial shrubs that produce an annual crop of one-quarter- to threequarter- inch diameter berries (Figure 1). They are members of the Ericaceae family that includes plants adapted to acid soil such as azaleas and rhododendrons. Blueberries are naturally found in well-drained, but nutritionally poor organic sands. In some areas of the country (southern New Jersey, southwest Michigan, and the Carolina coastal plains) where these soils are prevalent, important commercial production exists. Blueberries can be successfully grown in mineral (clay, loam mix) soils, but can be a special challenge for growers out of the natural adaptation zones. Careful site and cultivar selection, site preparation, and proper cultural practices are critical to ensure success.
|May 1, 2009||438-103|
|Specialty Crop Profile: Blueberries for the Upper Piedmont and Mountain Regions - Part 2||
Planting of bare-root stock should be scheduled as early as possible in the spring (Feb-March) when the danger of severe frost has passed. Containerized plants can be set in the fall (Sept-Oct.), in all but the coldest elevation regions.
|Aug 11, 2009||2906-1380|
|Specialty Crop Profile: Pawpaw||
Pawpaw (Asimina spp.) is a native fruit crop that is in the beginning phases of domestication in this country. As it is adapted to a commercial orchard setting, many issues related to genetic refinement, production and culture, handling, use, and marketing are being addressed by various research and educational programs. The primary effort is coordinated by Kentucky State University where an intense program was initiated in the 1980s. This publication provides basic background information about pawpaw, its potential, and the issues related to its development as a niche specialty crop in Virginia and throughout the Eastern U.S.
|May 1, 2009||438-105|
|Specialty Crop Profile: Ribes (Currants and Gooseberries)||
Currants and gooseberries are two closely related species within the genus Ribes. This genus is diverse with over 150 known species and hundreds of cultivated varieties (cultivars). Currants and gooseberries are easily distinguished by the presence or absence of thorns; gooseberries have thorns, while currants do not.
All ribes are long-lived perennial shrubs that are cold hardy, some to USDA Zone 2. Species and cultivars vary in plant size and form, but are usually upright to spreading (three to six feet) in habit. Disease and insect resistance are variable, depending on the cultivar. The fruit are versatile and nutritious with some currants being especially high in vitamin C. Fruit within species vary in presentation, ease of harvest, flavor, shape, size, texture, and color.
|May 1, 2009||438-107|
|Specialty Crops Profile: Blueberries for the Upper Piedmont and Mountain Regions - Part 1||
As a small fruit crop, blueberries are a good fit for the diversified small farm and direct marketing operation. Interest in this nutritious and versatile berry is on the increase, as consumers discover its flavor and uses in fresh and home baking recipes.
|Aug 10, 2009||2906-1378|
Cantaloupe or muskmelon (Cucumis melo) production is an important vegetable crop in Virginia. In 2001, Virginia producers grew 800 acres of cantaloupes valued at $1.4 million.
|Aug 7, 2009||2906-1372|
|Stinger Registered For Virginia-Grown Strawberries||
The Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services and the EPA have approved a state label for use of Stinger (clopyralid) on strawberries grown in Virginia.
|Jul 28, 2009||2906-1346|
|Strawberry Anthracnose Ripe Fruit Rot and Management Recommendations||
Anthracnose symptoms on ripe strawberry fruit include typical sunken and round lesions with an orange discoloration within the lesion and brown spots on green fruit.
|Jul 23, 2009||2906-1323|
|Supermarkets as Alternative Market Outlets for Virginia-Grown Berries||Jan 18, 2010||448-508|
|Training and Pruning Apple Trees||May 1, 2009||422-021|
|Training and Pruning Apple Trees in Intensive Orchards||May 1, 2009||422-024|
|Weed Management Update in Small Fruit||
One question that I have frequently received this year, just like last year, concerns the availability of Surflan (common name oryzalin). Surflan is a commonly-applied preemergence herbicide for control of annual grasses like crabgrass and foxtail, along with certain annual broadleaf weeds like chickweed, pigweed, and lambsquarters.
|Jul 24, 2009||2906-1328|
|Weed Management in Small Fruit Crops||
For small fruit growers, the challenge of weed management is one of the greatest they will face to successfully grow these crops. Factors such as climate, weed introductions and adaptability, and years of agricultural activity have come together to select for weed species that are aggressive and persistent. Without management, weeds compete with crops for light, nutrients and water, resulting in stressed plants, poor fruit quality and yield.
|Jul 24, 2009||2906-1327|
|Winter Injury and Cool Temperatures Create Ideal Conditions for Botrytis in Strawberries*||
Winter injury has left many dead leaves that will serve as a major source of Botrytis spores in the early spring season. Likewise, a number of plantings recently experienced freeze injury to emerged blooms. These dead flowers can become infected with Botrytis; the pathogen can grow down the peduncle and into the upper crown tissue to cause a Botrytis crown rot.
|Aug 18, 2009||2906-1395|