|Virginia Corn Hybrid and Management Trials in 2016||Nov 11, 2016||CSES-174NP|
|Virginia Tech Corn Silage Testing 2016||
Annual corn silage hybrid testing in Virginia. This report contains the results for performance trials from commercial corn hybrids produced for silage at four locations in Virginia in 2016 as well as two and three year average performance, when available.
|Oct 21, 2016||CSES-173NP|
|2016 Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots||
2015-16 was a tough year for wheat. Above normal temperatures in March resulted in wheat that was approaching the boot stage when a freeze hit on April 6th. Almost all fields were affected to some degree with some fields experiencing very significant tiller death. See figure 1. Some varieties were affected more than others. The freeze was followed by dry conditions and then very wet conditions in May. The result was a poor crop overall.
|Aug 10, 2016||ANR-217NP|
|Small Grains in 2016||Jul 27, 2016||CSES-167NP|
|Small Grain Forage Variety Testing, 2016||Jun 27, 2016||CSES-165NP|
|Peanut Variety and Quality Evaluation results, 2015||
Along with agronomic and grade information, data on kernel and pod quality are essential for release of new peanut cultivars to ensure acceptability by the entire peanut trade. The present report contains the quality data collected on 5 Virginia-type cultivars that currently are on the market and 31 advanced breeding lines tested in the Peanut Variety and Quality Evaluation (PVQE) small plots in 2015.
|Apr 1, 2016||AREC-172NP|
|Determining Harvesting Time for Corn Silage||May 5, 2016||DASC-82NP|
|Corn Emergence Evaluation||
There is much emphasis placed on the importance of stand uniformity and emergence in producing high yielding corn. Stand uniformity refers to spacing while uniformity of emergence refers to how even emergence is within the field. In 2015, in work supported by check-off funds provided by the Virginia Corn Board, we flagged off two forty foot sections of row in two corn fields that were planted on April 11th.
|Feb 25, 2016||CSES-157NP|
|2016 Virginia Peanut Production Guide||
Recommendations for the use of agricultural chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to the reader. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by Virginia Tech nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. Individuals who use agricultural chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain information about usage regulations and examine a current product label before applying any chemical.
|Jan 28, 2016||AREC-157NP|
|2015 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||
The research and demonstration plots discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by eight Virginia Cooperative Extension employees, a faculty member at Virginia State University, numerous producers, and many members of the agribusiness community. The field work and printing of this publication are mainly supported by the Virginia Corn Check-Off Fund through the Virginia Corn Board. Anyone who would like a copy should contact their local extension agent, who can request a copy from the Essex County Extension office.
|Dec 14, 2015||ANR-172NP|
|Virginia Corn Hybrid and Management Trials in 2015||Nov 12, 2015||CSES-149NP|
|Virginia Tech Corn Silage Testing 2015||
Annual corn silage hybrid testing in Virginia. This report contains the results for performance trials from commercial corn hybrids produced for silage at four locations in Virginia in 2015 as well as two and three year average performance, when available.
|Nov 6, 2015||CSES-148NP|
|Good Production Practices: Name That Feed||
To demonstrate the importance of properly labeling feeds.
|Oct 28, 2015||APSC-98P|
|2015 VIRGINIA ON-FARM WHEAT TEST PLOTS||
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by seven Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an associate professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s onfarm small grain plot work to you. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop in 2016.
|Aug 12, 2015||ANR-159NP|
|Small Grains in 2015||Jul 29, 2015||CSES-129NP|
|Small Grain Forage Variety Testing, 2015||Jun 24, 2015||CSES-127NP|
|The Nutrient Value of Straw||Jun 19, 2015||CSES-126NP|
|Nitrogen and Sulfur Leaching Potential in Virginia||Jun 19, 2015||CSES-125NP|
|The Mid-Atlantic Nutrient Management Handbook||Jun 9, 2015||CSES-122P|
|Virginia Cover Crops Fact Sheet Series No. 2: Cover Crop Performance Evaluation in Field and Controlled Studies||May 5, 2015||CSES-121NP|
|Virginia Cover Crops Fact Sheet Series No. 1: Beneficial Uses of Cover Crops||May 5, 2015||CSES-120NP|
|Double Cropping Soybeans In Virginia||Mar 11, 2015||CSES-102NP (CSES-104NP)|
|Weed Control in Hops||Mar 11, 2015||ANR-144NP|
|Mid-Atlantic Grain Sorghum Performance Tests 2014||Mar 6, 2015||AREC-133NP|
|Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots 2014||Feb 25, 2015||ANR-143NP|
|2014 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||Dec 11, 2014||ANR-134NP|
|Roadside Survey of Continuous No-till and Cover Crop Acres in Virginia||
In 2009, the Chesapeake Clean Water Ecosystem Restoration Act (HB 3852/S 1816) was passed, and was intended to strengthen certain standards for the Chesapeake Bay, particularly, to address nonpoint source pollution. Nonpoint source pollution includes that of urban, suburban and agricultural runoff. Cited in the bill was the need to establish and codify the Bay-wide pollution budget, or Total Maximum Daily Loads, (TMDL) for nitrogen, phosphorous and sediment that EPA was in process of developing for the Bay. Hence all states and their perspective watersheds would have pollution caps for all sources of pollution.
|Oct 13, 2014||CSES-103NP|
|2014 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots||
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by six Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s onfarm small grain plot work to you. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop in 2015.
|Aug 11, 2014||ANR-113NP|
|Small Grains in 2014||Aug 1, 2014||CSES-97NP|
|2013 Tri-State Grain Sorghum Performance Tests||Mar 26, 2014||AREC-83NP|
|Grain and Soybean Production and Storage in Virginia: A Summary and Spatial Examination||Mar 25, 2014||AAEC-60P|
|Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots 2013||Jan 22, 2014||ANR-101NP|
|2013 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||Dec 4, 2013||ANR-96NP|
|2013 Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots||Jul 31, 2013||ANR-78NP|
|Small Grains in 2013||Aug 7, 2013||CSES-62NP|
|2012 Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots||Jan 11, 2013||ANR-37NP|
|2012 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||Nov 29, 2012||ANR-31NP|
|2012 Performance of Sorghum Hybrids in Virginia||Nov 26, 2012||AREC-30NP|
|Second Edition Mid-Atlantic Guide to the Insect Pests and Beneficials of Corn, Soybean, and Small Grains||Oct 4, 2012||444-360|
|Small Grains in 2012||Jul 27, 2012||CSES-18NP|
|2012 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots||
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by four Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s on-farm small grain plot work to you. The 2011-12 small grain season was challenging. Wet conditions in the fall hampered planting and caused stand losses in some fields. Precipitation was well below normal and temperatures were well above normal for January through mid April. Dry conditions decreased tillering and overall growth of the crop. Widespread rainfall on April 22nd basically saved the crop. Some late season diseases developed in some fields. With July 2013 wheat futures prices currently trading over $8.00 per bushel, the outlook for the 2013 crop is very good. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop.
|Jul 20, 2012||ANR-19NP|
|2011 Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots||Jan 17, 2012||ANR-8|
|2011 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots (formerly VCE pub #3012-1521)||
Corn hybrid selection is becoming increasingly challenging. With more seed companies and more GMO options and seed treatment packages than ever before, it can be very difficult to decide which hybrids to plant. We evaluated early season hybrids (107 day RM or less) and mid season hybrids (108-112 day RM) at 5 locations and full season hybrids (113 day RM or more) at 3 locations. In a year where rainfall patterns in general favored later hybrids, across all locations the mid season and full season hybrids averaged 20 bushels per acre or more than the early season hybrids. Corn producers should continue to plant hybrids across all maturity ranges as a method for spreading out risk to adverse weather.
|Dec 9, 2011||ANR-2|
|2011 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots||
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by six Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s on-farm small grain plot work to you. The 2010-11 small grain season resulted in some excellent yields as timely planting, timely rainfall, and a cool, relatively dry grain fill period were all very positive for the wheat and barley crops. With July 2012 wheat futures prices currently trading over $7.00 per bushel, the outlook for the 2012 crop is good. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop.
|Aug 12, 2011||3108-1593|
|Tips for Profitable Variety Selection: How to Use Data From Different Types of Variety Trials||
Selecting an appropriate, high-yielding variety is one of the most important management decisions that producers make. Yield potential is clearly important, but the decision is complicated by such factors as the cropping system, the need for disease resistance, end-use quality goals, year-to-year climatic variation, and the need to select multiple varieties in order to reduce risk by spreading out flowering and maturity dates.
|Jul 29, 2011||424-040|
|Small Grains In 2011||
The following tables present results from barley and wheat varietal tests conducted in Virginia in
|Jul 21, 2011||3007-1456|
|2009-2010 Performance of Sorghum Hybrids in the Virginia‐Carolina Region||Jan 25, 2011||3101-1531|
|Average Relative Yields of Soybean Tested in the Virginia Official Variety Test 2008-2010||Jan 25, 2011||3101-1530|
|2010 Virginia On-Farm Soybean Test Plots||Jan 24, 2011||3101-1524|
|2010 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||Dec 21, 2010||3012-1521|
|Virginia Tech On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots, Eastern Virginia, August 2010||Aug 19, 2010||3008-1457|
|Corn Fertility Update – Spring 2010||Jun 11, 2010||3006-1448|
|Suggested Soybean Seeding Rates for Virginia||Jun 11, 2010||3006-1447|
|Effects of Twin-Row Spacing on Corn Silage Growth Development and Yield in the Shenandoah Valley||Mar 18, 2010||3003-1440|
|The Minute Pirate Bug (Orius)||Mar 8, 2010||3002-1437|
|2009 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||
The research and demonstration plots discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by thirteen Virginia Cooperative Extension Agents and Specialists, numerous producers, local soil and water conservation districts, and many members of the agribusiness community. The fieldwork and printing of this publication is mainly supported by the Virginia Corn Check-Off Fund through the Virginia Corn Board. Anyone who would like a copy should contact their local extension agent, who can request a copy from the Northumberland County Extension office.
|Jan 27, 2010||3001-1434|
|Managing Stink Bugs in Cotton: Research in the Southeast Region||
Stink bug pests across the south eastern cotton belt consist of three main species: the brown stink bug, Euschistus servus (Say); the green stink bug, Acrosternum hilare (Say); and the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (L.) Due to the diverse environmental conditions across this production region, population levels of these species vary widely across seasons, states, and fields. In North Carolina and Virginia, green and brown stink bugs are the primary species, while southern green and brown stink bugs predominate in Georgia,and all three species are commonly observed in South Carolina.
|Sep 23, 2009||444-390|
|Tools to More Efficiently Manage In-Season Corn Nitrogen Needs||Sep 2, 2009||2909-1410|
|Virginia Tech On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots - Eastern Virginia, August 2009||
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by seven Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, several extension specialists from Virginia Tech, area
|Aug 28, 2009||2908-1409|
|Successful No-Tillage Corn Production||Jul 29, 2009||424-030|
|Understanding Pre-harvest Sprouting of Wheat||May 11, 2009||424-060|
|2008 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||May 1, 2009||2812-1025|
|Wheat Planted Without Fertilizer: Fall 2008||
There is apparently a significant acreage of winter wheat that was planted without any fertilizer applied at planting. The “plan” for this wheat may be to see if wheat prices increase and/or fertilizer prices decrease through the winter to levels that enable growers to make a profit. While this type of plan is very understandable with the wheat crop economics that have existed from September through the first of December, careful evaluation of the crop and selective use of fertilizers and weed control can increase potential yields and profits. The following discussion offers some ideas for advisers and growers to consider.
|May 1, 2009||2812-1023|
|Virginia Tech On-Farm Wheat Test Plots 2008||May 1, 2009||2808-1015|
|Identification and Control of Annual Ryegrass in No-Till Corn in Virginia||
In Virginia, annual ryegrass has become one of the most troublesome and difficult to control weeds in small grains, as well as in corn and soybeans grown in rotation with small grains. Annual ryegrass control has declined due to the development of resistance to Hoelon, which has been the only treatment available for control in wheat and barley. Lack of control in small grains has allowed annual ryegrass to proliferate and become problematic in no-till corn establishment where high rates of triazine herbicides or sequential applications of nonselective herbicides are frequently required for acceptable control.
|May 1, 2009||427-001|
|Nitrogen and Phosphorous Fertilization of Corn||May 1, 2009||424-027|
|Nitrogen Soil Testing For Corn in Virginia||
An adequate supply of plant-available nitrogen (N) is crucial for efficient corn production, and corn N requirements are greater than any other nutrient. For example, a corn crop yielding 150 bushels per acre typically contains about 165 lbs N in the grain and stover, or approximately 1.1 lbs N/bu grain. These calculations are based on actual N uptake, and allowances must be made for actual fertilizer use efficiency and soil N availability.
|May 1, 2009||418-016|
|Corn Smut||May 1, 2009||450-706|
|Gray Leaf Spot Disease of Corn||May 1, 2009||450-612|
|Intensive Soft Red Winter Wheat Production||
New and successful techniques have been developed for intensive soft red winter wheat management by a multidisciplinary research and Extension team at Virginia Tech. Research was started in the early 1980's and continues today. The guidelines presented in this manual and the accompanying videotape are based on that research.
|May 1, 2009||424-803|
|Nitrogen Fertilization of Winter Barley: Principles and Recommendations||May 1, 2009||424-801|
|Using the Virginia Cooperative Extension Climate Analysis Web Tool to Monitor, Predict, and Manage Corn Development||
How a corn crop develops is affected by many factors: fertilization, rainfall, sunny or cloudy weather, hybrid or maturity group, etc. But these factors generally play second fiddle to temperature in determining when a corn crop tassels or is ready to harvest. Many years of observation have shown that plant development at any point during the season is affected very predictably by how warm or cool the season has been to that point. This knowledge, combined with projections about the remainder of the growing season, can sometimes be used to make mid-season adjustments in management and to predict harvest schedules.
|May 1, 2009||424-055|
|Deep Tillage Prior to No-Till Corn: Research and Recommendations||May 1, 2009||424-053|
|Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots, 2005||May 1, 2009||424-050|
|Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots, 2007||May 1, 2009||424-050-07|
|Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots, 2006||May 1, 2009||424-050-06|
|2007 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots||May 1, 2009||424-038-07|
|Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots 2006||May 1, 2009||424-038-06|
|Corn Planting Dates in the Virginia Coastal Plain: How early is early?||May 1, 2009||424-033|
|Corn Planting Dates in the Piedmont and Valley Regions of Virginia: How Early is Early?||May 1, 2009||424-032|
|Nitrogen Management for Winter Wheat: Principles and Recommendations||May 1, 2009||424-026|
|Growing Bread Wheat in the Mid-Atlantic Region||
The more than 55 million people who live in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States want to purchase processed grain foods such as bread and other dough products made from hard, or bread, wheat.
|May 1, 2009||424-024|
|Growing Hulless Barley in the Mid-Atlantic||May 1, 2009||424-022|
|No-Tillage Small Grain Production in Virginia||May 1, 2009||424-005|
|Small Grains in 1998||May 1, 2009||424-001|
|Cereal Leaf Beetle, Biology and Management||
Cereal leaf beetle, a native to Europe and Asia, was first detected in Michigan in 1962. Since that time it has spread throughout most of the mid-western and eastern United States and has become a significant pest of Virginia and North Carolina small grains. This insect can become very numerous in small grain fields and the larvae are capable of reducing grain yield by eating the green leaf tissue.
|Nov 13, 2014||444-350|
|Winter Grain Mite||
Species: Penthaleus major (Dugès)
Size: Adult, 1 mm long; eggs, .25 mm long..
Color: Adult is dark brown to almost black with red legs (Figs. 1 and 2); nymph is brownish with orange legs; a young larva is bright pink to orange but darkens to light brown after one day; freshly deposited eggs are smooth, kidney shaped, and reddish orange, but within minutes become wrinkled and after several days become a straw yellow color.
Description: The adult is relatively large compared to other spider mites and is the only mite of economic importance with the anal pore (a tan to orange spot best seen with microscope, but can be seen with a hand lens) on the upper surface of the abdomen.
|Nov 13, 2014||444-037|
|Aphids in Virginia Small Grains: Life Cycles, Damage and Control||
Four species of aphids attack small grains in Virginia -- greenbug, corn leaf aphid, bird cherry-oat aphid, and English grain aphid. In general, these aphids are small pear-shaped insects (1/16 to 1/8 inch long) that are green to nearly black, or sometimes pinkish in color. Immature aphids look just like adults except smaller. Both winged and wing-less forms can occur in the same colony. All grain aphids have a pair of conicles, tailpipe-like projections, on the top side of the tail end. Aphids feed singly or in colonies on upper and lower leaf surfaces and stems. They feed near plant bases when plants are young or during cold weather, and on upper-canopy leaves, stems, and even grain heads later in the season.
|Nov 13, 2014||444-018|
|Distiller's Grains for Dairy Cattle and Potential Environmental Impact||
Ethanol is produced when starch in corn grain is fermented. Most other constituents in the grain remain unchanged. The end product of the corn is distiller’s grains or DDGS (distiller’s grains with solubles). The DDGS retain the original fatty acids, protein, and phosphorus. In addition, variability in the grain nutrient content used in the fermentation process and the actual process itself results in a feed with variable nutrient content. Distiller’s grains can be fed either in the wet (less than 25 percent dry matter) or dry (greater than 85 percent dry matter) form. Wet DDGS are difficult to store and must be fed within a few days of production. The wet DDGS can be the most cost-effective, however, if used close to where they are produced.
|May 1, 2009||404-135|
|Growing Small Grains for Forage in Virginia||
Cereal crops are used throughout the world for livestock feed. When they are managed properly they provide excellent grazing and high-quality silage or hay.
|May 1, 2009||424-006|
|Agronomy Handbook, 2000||May 1, 2009||424-100||