Resources for Agricultural Financial Mgmt.

Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
A Decision Tool to Compare the Profitability of Utilizing Poultry Litter or Commercial Fertilizer to Meet Soil Test Recommendations Mar 17, 2010 3003-1439
Virginia Agriculture - Relating to Farmers Nov 8, 2017 3104-1591 (BSE-218NP)
Heifer Inventory and the Economics of Replacement Rearing May 1, 2009 404-287
Dealing with the High Cost of Energy for Greenhouse Operations Jun 30, 2009 430-101
Resources for Greenhouse and Nursery Operations and Operators May 6, 2016 430-104 (HORT-188P)
Farm Record Book: Expenses and Receipts
This book provides forms for many of the categories of expenses, receipts, labor, and financial summaries needed by most agricultural related businesses using cash accounting methods. Column headings are included for major items with some columns remaining blank for your own headings.
Apr 6, 2017 446-017 (VCE-867NP)
Planning the Future of Your Farm: A Workbook Supporting Farm Transfer Decisions, Virginia Edition Apr 12, 2017 446-610 (AAEC-131P)
Investing in GPS Guidance Systems? May 26, 2009 448-076
Farm Financial Risk Management Series Part I: Overview of Financial Systems for New and Beginning Farmers Dec 9, 2016 AAEC-114P
2016 NASS Cropland and Pastureland Rental Rates
This fall USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS) released cash rental rates for irrigated and non-irrigated cropland and pastureland for Virginia counties and cities.
Oct 14, 2016 AAEC-125NP
2017 NASS Cropland and Pastureland Rental Rates Nov 14, 2017 AAEC-142NP
Common Ground: How Can Virginia Cooperative Extension Promote Civic Harmony in Our Polarized World?
The Virginia Natural Resources Leadership Institute (VNRLI) trains agents, community leaders, activists, educators, industry officials, and environmental professionals in group strategies and personal skills for pursuing consensus-based solutions to complex local problems.
Mar 17, 2014 AAEC-58NP
Grain and Soybean Production and Storage in Virginia: A Summary and Spatial Examination
Grain and soybean production is a critical component of Virginia agriculture — the state’s No. 1 industry (VDACS 2013). Virginia’s farmers produced more than half a billion bushels of grain and soybeans over the span of 2006 to 2012 (USDA-NASS 2013b)1. The objectives of this publication are to characterize the market for grain production and storage in Virginia.
Mar 25, 2014 AAEC-60P
2014 NASS Cropland and Pastureland Rental Rates
This winter USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service (NASS) released cash rental rates for irrigated and non-irrigated cropland and pastureland for Virginia counties and cities.
May 4, 2015 AAEC-91NP
Selling Directly to Buyers: How to Price Your Products
Did you know that farmers who sell unprocessed foods to retail outlets typically receive just 11.6 cents of each dollar the consumer spends on food? The remaining amount is allocated to industry groups such as food processors, packaging and transportation, retail trade, food services, energy, finance and insurance, and legal services
Dec 11, 2015 AAEC-97P
Introduction to Labor Issues for Beginning Farmers
There are many factors to consider before you start a new farm enterprise. Labor issues are often underemphasized in the decision-making processes of beginning farmers. It is important to consider who you will hire, where you will find help, how you will manage your employees, and what legal matters are relevant to your farm.
Feb 25, 2015 AEE-106NP
Operations & Marketing - Bellair Farm - Spring 2015 Jun 24, 2015 AEE-130NP
Jamie Barrett's Beginning In Farming - Bellair Farm - Spring 2015 Jun 28, 2016 AEE-131NP
Labor Situation On Bellair Farm – Spring 2015 Jul 11, 2016 AEE-132NP
Vision & Opportunities For The Future - Bellair Farm - Spring 2015 Jul 11, 2016 AEE-133NP
Operations & Markets - Porcello Farm - Spring 2015 Jul 11, 2016 AEE-134NP
Labor Situation On Porcello Farm - Spring 2015
Kim Niewolny, Associate Professor; Dept. of Agricultural, Leadership, and Community Education, Virginia Tech; Theresa Nartea, Assistant Professor, Virginia State University; Cathryn Kloetzli, Extension Agent, Albemarle County; Allyssa Mark, Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program Associate, Dept. of Agricultural, Leadership, and Community Education, Virginia Tech
Jul 12, 2016 AEE-135NP
Advice For Beginning Farmers - Porcello Farm - Spring 2015 Jul 12, 2016 AEE-136NP
Markets, Goals & Expansion - Browntown Farms - Summer 2015 Jul 12, 2016 AEE-137NP
Farm Labor Practices & Considerations - Browntown Farms - Summer 2015 Jul 12, 2016 AEE-138NP
Building Relationships & New Farmer Start-up Advice - Browntown Farms - Summer 2015 Jul 12, 2016 AEE-139NP
Farm Labor Practices & Considerations - Amy's Garden - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-140NP
Getting Started & Planning Advice For New Farmers - Amy's Garden - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-141NP
Markets, Planning & Operations - Amy's Garden - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-142NP
Farm Labor Practices & Considerations - Agriberry - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-143NP
Growing Berries & Setting Goals - Agriberry - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-144NP
Getting Started & Planning Advice For New Farmers - Agriberry - Summer 2015 Jul 25, 2016 AEE-145NP
Mental Health Topics for Farm Families and Caregivers: An AgrAbility Virginia Program Resource Sep 15, 2016 AEE-150NP
The Basics of On-Farm Safety: An Introductory Guide by the AgrAbility Virginia Program Sep 15, 2016 AEE-151NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 1): Developing a farm enterprise Mar 25, 2013 AEE-31NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 2): Exploring production goals Mar 25, 2013 AEE-32NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 3): Measuring success Mar 25, 2013 AEE-33NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 4): Economic challenges Mar 25, 2013 AEE-34NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 5): Marketing challenges Mar 25, 2013 AEE-35NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Mountain View Farm & Vineyard (Part 6): Balancing on-farm and off-farm employment Mar 25, 2013 AEE-36NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 1): Starting a new farm enterprise Mar 25, 2013 AEE-37NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 2): Challenges to new farm enterprises Mar 26, 2013 AEE-38NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 3): Land and tenure acquisition Mar 26, 2013 AEE-39NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Croushorn Farms (Part 4): Marketing and business management Mar 26, 2013 AEE-40NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 1): Starting a new farm enterprise Mar 26, 2013 AEE-41NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 2): Challenges to farming Mar 26, 2013 AEE-42NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 3): Crops grown on the farm Mar 26, 2013 AEE-43NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Juba Farm (Part 4): Cultural differences in farming in the U.S. Mar 26, 2013 AEE-44NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Huntley Farm & Seitz Angus (Part 1): Overview of a farm enterprise Mar 26, 2013 AEE-45NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Huntley Farm & Seitz Angus (Part 2): Challenges in new farm enterprise Mar 26, 2013 AEE-46NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Huntley Farm & Seitz Angus (Part 3): Advice for beginning farmers Mar 26, 2013 AEE-47NP
Successful Farm Startup for Beginners: Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program
Starting a farm is an exciting yet challenging opportunity. As with any new undertaking, there is a lot to think about before beginning a farm venture. Gaining access to farmland, viable markets, capital and credit, as well as hands-on training and resources are some of the most important startup issues to consider as part of the planning process. You are likely asking yourself, “Where do I begin?” The purpose of this resource is to help newcomers make informed decisions at the start of the planning process. This “quick guide” is primarily designed for beginning farmers and ranchers, but service providers will also find this resource useful for answering questions about the farm startup process. This foundational work offers a valuable starting point on which to create a successful whole farm plan for a new agricultural venture.
Oct 14, 2013 AEE-67P
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Program: Virginia Beginning Farmer Profiles Aug 9, 2013 AEE-70NP
Virginia Beginning Farmer & Rancher Coalition Project: Seven Springs Farm: CSA Farm Model Sep 16, 2013 AEE-78NP
An Evaluation of Program, Training, and Resource Needs of Virginia Beginning Farmers and Ranchers: Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program
With funding from the USDA Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program in fall 2010, the Virginia Beginning Farmer and Rancher Coalition Program aims to meet the expressed needs of Virginia’s beginning farmers and support the development of social networks through which they can gain vital skills, information, technical assistance, and business capacity for long-term agricultural viability (see www.vabeginningfarmer.org).
Apr 8, 2014 AEE-81P
Example Survey for Determining New Farmers Market Feasibility Jul 28, 2016 ANR-216NP
Results from 2016 research survey on consumption of local produce in Virginia
There appears to be a lack of published research study data on consumer motivations for purchasing local produce in Virginia. Additionally, the level of consumer awareness of labels such as “local,” “pesticide-free,” “certified organic,” “grown in Virginia,” or “superfood,” and the influence such labels have on purchasing decisions in Virginia has not been previously researched.
Sep 12, 2016 ANR-222NP
2017 Fence Budget
Tom Stanley, Extension Agent, Farm Business Management Eric Eberly, Extension Agent, Farm Business Management (Retired)
Mar 9, 2017 ANR-257NP
Are you a Beginning Farmer?
You are likely asking yourself, “Where do I begin?” The purpose of this tool is to help you gather a solid basis of information as you consider your “start-up” situation. Once you have completed as much as you can of this worksheet (or if you have any questions along the way), please bring it to your local Virginia Cooperative Extension office to get guidance on where to go next: http://www.ext.vt.edu/offices/index.html. Good Luck! We look forward to helping you bring your farm vision to life!
Nov 19, 2013 ANR-91NP
Vineyard Financial Calculator
The Vineyard Financial Calculator is an educational tool that is useful for comparing the financial performance of different vineyard operational scenarios. This tool's intended user is an individual or organization exploring the financial requirements of vineyard establishment and operation in Virginia. The tool was designed to forecast the approximate pretax annual cash inflows and outflows of a vineyard − information required to build a business prospectus. Users can modify certain input variables, such as vineyard size and labor costs, as well as outputs, such as crop level, to tailor the projections to personal expectations. The VFC is only a predictive tool; actual results could vary from those predicted due to site conditions, variances in costs, or unanticipated gains or losses.
Mar 7, 2017 AREC-188NP
Sensor-Based, Variable-Rate Nitrogen Applications in Virginia
Variable-rate applications (VRA) of nitrogen (N) fertilizers are a new option to assist producers with real-time fertilizer rate decisions. Two commercially available systems that allow variable-rate nitrogen applications are GreenSeeker (Trimble Navigation Limited; www. ntechindustries.com/greenseeker-home.html) and the OptRx Crop Sensor (Ag Leader Technology; www. agleader.com/products/directcommand/optrx/). A discussion of the science behind these systems, potential economic benefits, and other methodologies to make VRA is discussed in Virginia Cooperative Extension publication 442-505, “Precision Farming Tools: Variable- Rate Application” (Grisso et al. 2011).
Aug 8, 2014 CSES-90P
Direct Sales: Certifying Market Scales
Virginia farmers sell their produce through many venues including on-farm sales, farm stands, and farmers’ markets. Wherever the produce is sold, it must be sold by weight, count, head/bunch, or dry measure. If the produce is sold by weight, the produce will be weighed on scales that have been certified by the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Office of Weights and Measures.
Sep 10, 2014 CV-40NP
A Decision-Making Tool to Determine the Feasibility of Purchasing Virginia Milk Commission Base
Dairy farmers are usually subject to net income fluctuations due to volatility in both milk and feed prices. Risk management tools, such as hedging milk prices in the futures market, may be used to protect dairy farmers against milk price volatility. Alternatively, dairy farmers selling milk in Virginia can buy Virginia milk commission base (MCB) to obtain higher milk prices and, therefore, sustain or increase net cash flows.
Jan 10, 2014 DASC-30P
GroZone Tracker Sep 21, 2016 HORT-227P
Common Ground: Why Should University Faculty Partner with Virginia Cooperative Extension? Jul 19, 2013 VCE-163NP