Resources for Agricultural and Natural Resources (ANR)

Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
2017 Spray Bulletin for Commercial Tree Fruit Growers
Integrated pest management (IPM) is the approach emphasized in this guide; some aspects of IPM are incorporated throughout, although this guide mainly deals with the chemical component of IPM. IPM combines biological control from predators with selective chemical application for maintaining pest populations below economic threshold levels. This approach requires that growers give careful consideration to the selection, application rate and timing of chemical sprays. The degree of integration achieved will vary according to the management ability, training and objectives of the orchardist. Inadequate monitoring or implementation of IPM practices will lead to unsatisfactory results. In order to encourage the biological control components of the program, growers must consider the toxicity of chemicals to predators (Table 9, page 59) in addition to their efficacy against fruit pests (Tables 7 and 8, pages 56-58).
Feb 22, 2017 456-419 (ANR-172P)
Virginia Master Naturalist, American Naturalists
Jared Diamond (2005), in his book, “Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed,” defines landscape amnesia as one of the primary mechanisms for the decline and ultimate collapse of societies. This phenomenon occurs when people lose knowledge of how the natural world once was, with each succeeding generation accepting a degraded environment as the status quo. Carried to its end, a society remains unconcerned until it reaches the point of no return.
Jun 19, 2015 465-312(ANR-20NP)
Virginia Master Naturalist, Basic Training Course, Mammalogy Mar 21, 2013 465-314 (ANR-42NP)
Forests of Virginia: Importance, Composition, Ecology, Threats, and Management Mar 4, 2016 465-315 (ANR-163P)
Farm Financial Risk Management Series Part II: Introduction of Financial Systems for New and Beginning Farmers
There are many factors to consider before starting a new farm enterprise. Financial management is an important component in the startup and decision-making processes for beginning farmers. The purpose of this series of publications is to inform Virginia agribusiness owners and managers about farm financial risk management tools, techniques, and resources available to help them prepare and use a financial systems approach for their operations.
Oct 19, 2016 AAEC-115P
Farm Financial Risk Management Series Part III: Introduction to Farm Planning Budgets for New and Beginning Farmers
There are many factors to consider before starting a new farm enterprise. Financial management is an important component in the startup and decision-making processes for beginning farmers. The purpose of this series of publications is to inform Virginia agribusiness owners and managers about farm financial risk management tools, techniques, and resources available to help them prepare and use a financial systems approach for their operations.
Oct 19, 2016 AAEC-116P
VCE Model of Community, Local, Regional Food Systems Oct 7, 2016 ALCE-154NP
Community, Local, and Regional Food Systems Nov 2, 2016 ALCE-155NP
Community, Local, and Regional Food Systems (CLRFS) Forum Report Oct 7, 2016 ALCE-156NP
Community, Local, and Regional Food Systems (CLRFS) Forum Executive Summary
Virginia’s food system directly impacts the survival and viability of farms and farmland; the economic development of rural and urban communities; the care, restoration, and resilience of ecological resources such as local waterways; and critical health issues. We use the language of community, local, and regional food systems to broadly define a complex and interconnected set of systems and pathways that comprise sustainable food production, processing, distribution, consumption, and waste management to bring about social, economic, and ecological change that benefits all residents.
Oct 7, 2016 ALCE-157NP
Virginia Master Naturalist, Basic Training Course, Botany
Plants can be defined as multicellular, photosynthetic organisms with reproductive structures that are more complex than single cells. By this definition, algae are not considered plants because they are either unicellular or their reproductive structures are essentially unicellular. Fungi, too, are excluded because they are not photosynthetic. At least 400 million years of diversification have resulted in a wide diversity of taxonomically distinct major groups of plants. Some of the most important groups of plants found in Virginia are described below.
Feb 6, 2014 ANR-10NP (ANR-97NP)
The Basics of Hardwood-Log Shiitake Mushroom Production and Marketing
Shiitake mushroom production offers an income opportunity for Virginia’s small-farm operators and smallwoodlot owners while providing enjoyment for others. It is also a relatively simple food-production activity, like gardening, that can be a hobby or used for teaching. This publication describes a technique for shiitake production and marketing that can be used and adapted by Virginia farmers, hobbyists, or teachers. It describes common techniques based on the available research, as well as areas of disagreement and typical difficulties producers may face, such as pests. In addition to production methods, this publication describes some of the basics of the finances and marketing of shiitake mushrooms for those interested in using them for income production.
Apr 3, 2014 ANR-102P
Consider Logging Residue Needs for BMP Implementation When Harvesting Biomass for Energy
Utilization of woody biomass for energy has increased substantially in Virginia. While there are a number of definitions for biomass, woody biomass from forest harvesting operations typically refers to logging residues such as limbs, tops, and other unmerchantable material that would otherwise be left behind on-site after the logging operation is complete. Logging residues are typically chipped and then transported to facilities where they are used for fuel. Biomass harvesting in Virginia most commonly occurs on integrated harvesting operations where roundwood and biomass are harvested and utilized at the same time in a single operation.
Aug 7, 2014 ANR-108NP
Effectiveness of Skid Trail Closure Techniques. Forest Operations Research Highlights Aug 7, 2014 ANR-109NP
Effectiveness of Temporary Stream Crossing Closure Techniques Forest Operations Research Highlights
Protection of water quality is a critical component of forest harvesting operations. Virginia’s silvicultural water quality law (§10.1-1181.1 through 10.1-1181.7) prohibits excessive sedimentation of streams as a result of silvicultural operations. Virginia’s logging businesses invest substantial resources implementing BMPs to protect water quality. The Virginia Department of Forestry (VDOF) is responsible for enforcing this law and inspects all logging operations to ensure protection of water quality.
Aug 8, 2014 ANR-110NP
2014 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by six Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s on farm small grain plot work to you. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop in 2015.
Aug 11, 2014 ANR-113NP
Virginia Master Naturalist, Basic Training Course, Botany (Introductory Version)
Plants can be defined as multicellular photosynthetic organisms with reproductive structures that are more complex than single cells. By this definition, algae are not considered plants because they are either unicellular or their reproductive structures are essentially unicellular, and fungi, too, are excluded because they are not photosynthetic.
Jan 31, 2014 ANR-12NP
TREE Cookies Etc. Winter 2015 Jan 13, 2015 ANR-139NP
Business Management Practices for Small to Medium Sized Forest Products Firms Nov 4, 2015 ANR-160P
Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service August 2015 Housing Commentary Part A: Current Data
Welcome to the inaugural Virginia Tech-U.S. Forest Service housing commentary. The goal of this commentary is to provide users with relevant data, straightforward analysis, and information about the United Sates housing market.
Nov 10, 2015 ANR-166NP
Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service August 2015 Housing Commentary Part B: Current Markets
The Current Market segment contains information on status of the housing market as of August 2105’s end. Also included is a slide on lending; and private and government indicators. The Current market August 2105 section includes analysis by Dr. Jed Kolko, formerly chief economist with Trulia and who is now a consultant. He also is Senior Fellow with the Terner Center for Housing Innovation at the University of California-Berkley. In these slides he provides information on the composition of house sales; single-family rentals; household formation, and vacancies.
Nov 10, 2015 ANR-167NP
Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service August 2015 Housing Commentary Part C: Demographics/Economics
The Demographic & Economics section includes information on incomes; employment; gross domestic product; United States and global economies; and demographics.
Nov 11, 2015 ANR-168NP
Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service August 2015 Housing Commentary Part D: Forecasts
The US economy is relatively sheltered from the storms of the global economy. Exports accounted for just 14 percent of GDP in 2014, which is substantially less than most developed countries. But continued weakness abroad may have an impact on the United States
Nov 12, 2015 ANR-169NP
Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service September 2015 Housing Commentary Part A: Current Data
The housing market typically slows this time of year. Thus we should look at upcoming data on a long-term basis and not by monthly data reports. September's housing data was truly mixed based on a monthly basis – permits, new sales, and construction spending all declined. Starts, existing sales, completions, and spending increased. On a regional perspective, the data was similar.
Dec 11, 2015 ANR-170NP
Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service September 2015 Housing Commentary Part B: Current Markets
The GDPNow model forecast for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the fourth quarter of 2015 is 2.3 percent on November 18, unchanged from November 13. The forecast of real growth has remained at 2.3 percent after Tuesday's releases for October data on industrial production from the Federal Reserve Board, consumer prices (CPI) from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and this morning's release of October housing starts from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Dec 11, 2015 ANR-171NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service November 2015 Housing Commentary: Part A
November's housing data was predominately positive on a monthly and year-over-year basis. Most sectors improved with the exceptions of existing house sales and new housing completions. From a regional perspective, all data were mixed across sectors.
Jan 25, 2016 ANR-179NP
Trees and Water Jul 30, 2012 ANR-18NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service November 2015 Housing Commentary: Part B Jan 26, 2016 ANR-180NP
The Woods In Your Backyard: Learning to Create and Enhance Natural Areas Around Your Home May 17, 2016 ANR-199NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service April 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I
In April, aggregate housing data was positive, with new single-family housing exhibiting a surprisingly big increase. Yet, there are problematic cues – completions decreased month-over-month and year-over-year. Housing permits and starts also decreased year-over-year. Also challenging were total private residential and single-family construction spending declining month-over-month (Note, these are reported in nominal dollars). Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors. From the beginning of 2010, housing has improved. Nonetheless, most sectors of the housing market remain well less than their respective historical averages.
Jul 7, 2016 ANR-207NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service April 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II
“The GDPNow model forecast for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the second quarter of 2016 is 2.5 percent on June 1, down from 2.9 percent on May 31. After this morning's construction spending release from the U.S. Census Bureau and this morning's Manufacturing ISM Report On Business from the Institute for Supply Management, the forecast for real residential investment growth decreased from 7.9 percent to 4.2 percent, the forecast for real nonresidential structures investment growth decreased from -2.8 percent to -6.5 percent, and the forecast for real government spending growth decreased from 1.2 percent to 0.4 percent.” – Pat Higgins, Economist, The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
Jul 7, 2016 ANR-208NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service May 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I
In May, aggregate housing data was mixed; with new single-family housing exhibiting declines in permits, starts, spending, and sales. Month-over-month data were lackluster as well, with the exception being total housing completions. Year-over-year total housing permits and completions are now negative. Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors. From the depths of 2009, housing has improved; yet, most sectors of the housing market remain well less than their respective historical averages.
Jul 14, 2016 ANR-213NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service May 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II
The GDPNow model forecast for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the second quarter of 2016 is 2.6 percent on July 1, down from 2.7 percent on June 29. The forecast for second-quarter real nonresidential structures investment growth increased from –7.3 percent to –4.2 percent after this morning's construction spending release from the U.S. Census Bureau. This was more than offset by declines in the forecasts of real residential investment growth from 1.7 percent to –3.7 percent and real state and local government expenditures growth from –0.4 percent to –1.1 percent after the same release.” – Pat Higgins, Economist, The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
Jul 14, 2016 ANR-214NP
2016 Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots Aug 10, 2016 ANR-217NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service June 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I
In June, aggregate housing data was mostly positive; with only total starts and housing permits declining year-over-year. Single-family spending has decreased four consecutive months; multifamily 3 of 5; and remodeling 2 of 5. Completions and new single-family sales were the “Stars” of June. Reported construction spending was disappointing as well, as total residential and single-family expenditures declined month-over-month. Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors. From the depths of 2009, housing has improved; yet, most sectors of the housing market remain well less than their respective historical averages
Aug 11, 2016 ANR-218NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service June 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II
The final GDPNow model forecast for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the second quarter of 2016 is 1.8 percent on July 28, down from 2.3 percent on July 27. After the U.S. Census Bureau's inaugural release of its advance economic indicators report, which covers retail and wholesale inventories and foreign trade in goods, the nowcast of the contribution of net exports to second-quarter real GDP growth declined from 0.17 percentage points to –0.10 percentage points and the nowcast of the contribution of inventory investment to growth declined from –0.63 percentage points to –0.79 percentage points
Aug 11, 2016 ANR-219NP
Woody Florals for Income and Conservation Aug 30, 2012 ANR-22NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service July 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I
In July, aggregate housing data were mixed; with several categories declining month-over-month and on a year-over-year basis. Seven categories recorded three percent or less increases. New single-family sales was the “Star” of July, increasing above its long-term historical average. In the expenditures category, single-family spending has decreased five consecutive months; remodeling expenditures increased month-over-month, yet are negative year-over-year. The Atlanta Fed GDPNow™ model projects residential investment spending, in Q3, to decrease at a 5.1 percent rate1(SAAR). Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors. From the depths of 2009, housing has improved; yet, only new single-family sales are greater than its historical average.
Sep 15, 2016 ANR-223NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service July 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II
The GDPNowmodel forecast for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the third quarter of 2016 is 3.3 percent on September 9, down from 3.5 percent on September 2. The forecasts of third-quarter real consumer spending growth and real equipment investment growth declined from 3.5 percent to 3.4 percent and from 3.3 percent to 2.0 percent, respectively, on Tuesday after the motor vehicle sales release from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and the Non-Manufacturing ISM Report On Business. The forecast of the contribution of inventory investment to third-quarter real GDP growth decreased from 0.62 percentage points to 0.57 percentage points after this morning's wholesale trade report from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Sep 15, 2016 ANR-224NP
Equine Evacuation Sites during Emergencies Nov 17, 2016 ANR-228NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service August 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I-PDF
In August, aggregate monthly housing data, based on a month-over-month comparison, were decidedly negative. Total housing permits, new SF starts, and new private SF construction spending were and are problematic –in August they all were negative on a year-over-year basis. New single-family sales appear to be reverting to their recent average. In the expenditures category, private new single-family spending has decreased monthly since March. The October 7th Atlanta Fed GDPNow™ model projects residential investment spending, in Q3, to decrease at a 7.7 percent rate1(SAAR). Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors.
Nov 15, 2016 ANR-229NP
Native Fruit and Nut Trees and Shrubs of the Virginia Mountains and Piedmont Aug 30, 2012 ANR-23NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service August 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II
In August, aggregate monthly housing data, based on a month-over-month comparison, were decidedly negative. Total housing permits, new SF starts, and new private SF construction spending were and are problematic –in August they all were negative on a year-over-year basis. New single-family sales appear to be reverting to their recent average. In the expenditures category, private new single-family spending has decreased monthly since March. The October 7th Atlanta Fed GDPNow™ model projects residential investment spending, in Q3, to decrease at a 7.7 percent rate1(SAAR). Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors.
Nov 15, 2016 ANR-230NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service September 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I
In September, aggregate monthly housing data, based on a month-over-month comparison, were decidedly positive. Only housing starts and completions, were negative on a month-over-month and year-over-year basis. New single-family sales have edged lower for the past two-months. In the expenditures category, private new single-family spending increased for the first time since March; though keep in mind this was reported on a nominal basis. The November 9th Atlanta Fed GDPNow™ model projects residential investment spending, in Q4, to decrease at a -4.9 percent seasonally adjusted annual rate1. Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors.
Nov 17, 2016 ANR-232NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service September 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II Nov 17, 2016 ANR-233NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service October 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I
In October, aggregate monthly housing data, based on a month-over-month comparison, were decidedly positive. New housing starts rebounded sharply from September. Yet, new single-family house sales were negative on a month-over-month and single-family construction spending was negative year-over-year. New single-family sales have been mixed for the past few months. The December 9th Atlanta Fed GDPNow™ model projects aggregate residential investment spending to increase at a 10.7 percent seasonally adjusted annual rate; new residential investment spending was estimated to rise 12.4 percent; and improvements were projected to increase 4.3 percent in 2016.1 Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors.
Dec 19, 2016 ANR-237NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service October 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II
The GDPNow model forecast for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the fourth quarter of 2016 is 2.6 percent on December 9, unchanged from December 6. The forecast of the contribution of inventory investment to fourth-quarter growth decreased from 0.46 percentage points to 0.42 percentage points after this morning's wholesale trade report from the U.S. Census Bureau
Dec 19, 2016 ANR-238NP
Tapping the Horse Hay Market
Many horse managers have a keen eye for hay quality, but their buying habits may seem fickle because they need forages to fit an array of unique preferences and animal performance requirements.
Jan 9, 2017 ANR-241NP
What is a Virginia Master Naturalist? Jan 20, 2017 ANR-242
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service November 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I
In November, aggregate monthly housing data were mixed. Overall permits declined month-over-month and year-over-year and single-family permits declined month-over-month. New single-family house construction spending improved minimally on a month-over-month basis and year-over-year basis. The January 13th Atlanta Fed GDPNow™ model projects aggregate residential investment spending increased at a 9.2 percent (seasonally adjusted annual rate); new residential investment spending was estimated at 9.5 percent; and improvements were projected 3.4 percent in 2016 (based on December 16 data).1Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors.
Feb 27, 2017 ANR-246NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service November 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II
The GDPNowmodel forecast for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the fourth quarter of 2016 is 2.8 percent on January 13, down from 2.9 percent on January 10. The forecast of fourth-quarter real personal consumption expenditures growth ticked down from 2.6 percent to 2.5 percent after this morning's retail sales report from the U.S. Census Bureau.” –Pat Higgins, Economist, The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
Feb 28, 2017 ANR-247NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest ServiceDecember 2016 Housing Commentary: Section I
In December 2016, aggregate monthly housing data were mixed. Overall permits declined month-over-month and in creased minimally year-over-year. Single-family permits declined month-over-month. New single-family house construction spending improved minimally on a month-over-month basis and year-over-year basis. The February 9th Atlanta Fed GDPNow™ model projects aggregate residential investment spending to increase at a 5.3 percent seasonally adjusted annual rate in Quarter 1; new residential investment spending was estimated at 10.2 percent; and improvements were projected 3.3 percent.1 Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors.
Feb 27, 2017 ANR-250NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service December 2016 Housing Commentary: Section II
The GDPNowmodel forecast for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the first quarter of 2017 is 2.7 percent on February 9, unchanged from February 7. The forecast for the contribution of inventory investment to first-quarter growth remained at -0.25 percentage points after this morning's wholesale trade report from the U.S. Census Bureau.” –Pat Higgins, Economist, The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta
Feb 27, 2017 ANR-251NP
2017 Fence Budget
Tom Stanley, Extension Agent, Farm Business Management Eric Eberly, Extension Agent, Farm Business Management (Retired)
Mar 9, 2017 ANR-257NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest ServiceJanuary 2017 Housing Commentary: Section I Apr 3, 2017 ANR-258NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service January 2017 Housing Commentary: Section II Apr 3, 2017 ANR-259NP
Rare Forested Natural Communities in Virginia Apr 3, 2017 ANR-260NP
Regional Forest Harvest Characteristics across Virginia Apr 27, 2017 ANR-264NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest ServiceFebruary 2017 Housing Commentary: Section I Apr 28, 2017 ANR-265NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest ServiceFebruary 2017 Housing Commentary: Section II Apr 28, 2017 ANR-266NP
The Virginia Tech –U.S. Forest Service, March 2017 Housing Commentary: Section I May 23, 2017 ANR-269NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service March 2017 Housing Commentary: Section II May 23, 2017 ANR-270NP
Virginia Tech - U.S. Forest Service April 2017 Housing Commentary - Part A: Main
In April 2017, in aggregate, monthly housing data were decidedly negative on a month-over-month basis. Total and single-family (SF) permits and starts declined; yet SF starts increased. New SF and existing sales, and completions also decreased. Observing unadjusted data; permits, starts, and new SF sales were similar to April 2016. In fact, SF starts and new SF unadjusted sales were greater than April 2016. New SF house construction spending increased minimally month-over-month. Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors. The June 13thAtlanta Fed GDPNow™ model projects aggregate residential investment spending to increase at a 5.8 percent seasonally adjusted annual rate for Quarter 2; both new residential investment and improvements spending were projected to increase (7.6 and 3.0 percent, respectively). All declined from Q1’s estimate.
Jul 7, 2017 ANR-275NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service April 2017 Housing Commentary: Section II
The GDPNowmodel forecast for real GDP growth (seasonally adjusted annual rate) in the second quarter of 2017 is 3.0 percent on June 9, down from 3.4 percent on June 2. The forecast for second-quarter real GDP growth fell from 3.4 percent to 3.1 percent on June 5 after the U.S. Census Bureau's manufacturing report and the incorporation of motor vehicle sales estimates released by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis on the prior business day. The forecast of the contribution of inventory investment to second-quarter growth declined from 0.87 percentage points to 0.77 percentage points after this morning's wholesale trade report from the Census Bureau.
Jul 10, 2017 ANR-276NP
Commercial Chinese Chestnut Production in Virginia Sep 21, 2017
One-Year Health, Mortality, and Growth in Southeast Virginia of Shortleaf Pine From Three Sources
Restoration of shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata Mill.) in Virginia has become a priority of various state and federal agencies. For shortleaf pine restoration to be successful in Virginia, private lands must be considered because 89 percent of forestland in Virginia is privately owned, and most private landowners are likely to use commercially available seedling sources. Shortleaf seedlings from commercially available sources in Virginia, Arkansas, and Missouri were planted in two sites in Southeast Virginia to test growth and yield. After one year, height and ground-line diameter were measured and observations were made on health and mortality of the plants. The Virginia seed source was significantly taller than the Arkansas source. At the first site, mortality and disease were low, but at the second site, mortality and poor health were very high, possibly due to soils combined with weather conditions. No significant seed source effects on disease and mortality were found at either site.
Apr 22, 2013 ANR-28P
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service May 2017 Housing Commentary: Section I
The aggregate U.S. housing market hit a stumbling block in May, as most monthly indicators were negative on a month-over-month basis. However, on a year-over-year basis, the majority were positive, with the exception of total permits and starts. Problematic is construction spending, as single-family, multifamily, and improvement expenditures were negative on a month-over-month basis. These sub-sectors bear watching, as the continuation of this pattern may indicate a slowdown in the housing market. Regionally, data were mixed across all sectors. The July 11thAtlanta Fed GDPNow™ model projects aggregate residential investment spending to decrease at a -1.0% percent seasonally adjusted annual rate. New private housing was estimated to decline -2.5% and improvement spending was projected to increase 1.6% in Quarter 2. All declined from Q1’s forecasts.
Jul 18, 2017 ANR-282NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service May 2017 Housing Commentary: Section II Jul 19, 2017 ANR-283NP
2017 Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots Aug 14, 2017 ANR-284NP
The Virginia Tech - U.S. Forest Service June 2017 Housing Commentary - Part A: Main Aug 30, 2017 ANR-286NP
The Virginia Tech – U.S. Forest Service June 2017 Housing Commentary: Section II Aug 30, 2017 ANR-287NP
TREE Cookies Etc. Winter 2012/13 Jan 22, 2013 ANR-33
Going To Market Jun 29, 2017 ANR-46NP (FST-273NP)
TREE Cookies Etc. Spring 2010 Mar 15, 2013 ANR-61
TREE Cookies Etc. Winter 2011/12 Mar 18, 2013 ANR-62
Web-based Vineyard Site Evaluation Tool Mar 27, 2013 ANR-62NP
Fertilizer Applicator Certification Training Apr 12, 2013 ANR-66
Are you a Beginning Farmer?
You are likely asking yourself, “Where do I begin?” The purpose of this tool is to help you gather a solid basis of information as you consider your “start-up” situation. Once you have completed as much as you can of this worksheet (or if you have any questions along the way), please bring it to your local Virginia Cooperative Extension office to get guidance on where to go next: http://www.ext.vt.edu/offices/index.html. Good Luck! We look forward to helping you bring your farm vision to life!
Nov 19, 2013 ANR-91NP
Good Production Practices: Reading and Understanding a Medication Label Apr 28, 2016 APSC-101P
Good Production Practices: Required Living Space for Sheep May 6, 2016 APSC-103P
Good Production Practices: Understanding the Veterinarian-Client-Patient Relationship Apr 28, 2016 APSC-104P
Good Production Practices: Using the Flight Zone to Handle Livestock Apr 28, 2016 APSC-105P
Good Production Practices: When to Call the Veterinarian Apr 28, 2016 APSC-106P
Good Production Practices: Where Did That Medication Come From? PDF Apr 28, 2016 APSC-107P
Good Production Practices: You Want Me to Eat From That? Apr 28, 2016 APSC-108P
Good Production Practices: Name That Feed
To demonstrate the importance of properly labeling feeds.
Oct 28, 2015 APSC-98P
Good Production Practices: Proper Storage, Labeling, and Accounting for Medications
Purpose: To teach youth how to read a medication label so they are better able to understand how to store and administer medications for different livestock species.
Dec 7, 2015 APSC-99P
Utility Type Vehicles: UTV Maintenance and Safe Use Lawn Care Training Guide
Utility type vehicles (UTVs) are popular equipment used in a variety of settings, including the lawn care industry. Their hauling capacity and versatility have increased their popularity, and they are widely used in rural, suburban, and urban settings for a variety of lawn care, agricultural, construction, and industrial applications. Considering that UTVs are widely used in the green industry, it is extremely important that young workers in the industry become familiar with the safe operation of UTVs. The purpose of this training guide is to familiarize young workers with the safe use of UTVs.
Jun 6, 2014 BSE-49NP (BSE-108P)
Defining Silvopastures: Integrating Tree Production With Forage-Livestock Systems for Economic, Environmental, and Aesthetic Outcomes May 23, 2016 CSES-146P
Corn Emergence Evaluation
There is much emphasis placed on the importance of stand uniformity and emergence in producing high yielding corn. Stand uniformity refers to spacing while uniformity of emergence refers to how even emergence is within the field.
Feb 25, 2016 CSES-157NP
Hops in Virginia: Need-to-Know Information about Extension Resources May 7, 2015 HORT-182NP (ANR-256NP)
Hops in Virginia: Need-to-Know Information about the Industry
Background: Hops were grown in Virginia even in the days of Thomas Jefferson, but production eventually shifted away from the east coast in favor of the Pacific Northwest. For the past few decades, hops have not been grown commercially on a substantial level in Virginia. However, beginning several years ago when the craft brewing industry surged, renewed interest in hops production led to a rapid increase in the number of hobby and commercial hops growers. A fall 2014 survey showed approximately 50 growers in the state, but as of 2015 many new growers have been added to the ranks. Much of the production is clustered in Northern Virginia and the I-81 and I-64 corridors, but growers can be found in all regions of the state stretching from Southeast to Southwest Virginia.
Mar 6, 2017 HORT-183NP
African Violets Nov 29, 2011 HORT-2