Resources for Farm Health & Safety

Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
Pre-Response Plan Aug 27, 2009 2908-1406
Horse Emergency Go Kit Aug 27, 2009 2908-1407
Barn and Farm Inspection Checklist
The Barn and Farm Inspection Checklist is a tool that helps farm owners realize how susceptible their farm is to a barn fire. Circle the answer that represents the situation on your farm. The higher your score, the higher your chance to being susceptible to a fire.
Aug 28, 2009 2908-1408
On Farm Mortality Disposal Options for Livestock Producers
All livestock producers at some point are faced with decisions regarding how to dispose of livestock mortality from their farm. Each option has its own benefits and limitations based on accessibility, regulatory restrictions, expense, and biosecurity concerns. Livestock producers should also know that it is their responsibility to dispose of dead animals within 48 hours by one of the approved methods highlighted below. There are approved and preferred methods of animal mortality management according to the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). Farmers should choose the option that best suits their farm’s mortality disposal needs.
Jul 31, 2013 2909-1412 (ANR-77NP)
Resources for Rural Families Coping with Economic Stress and Anxiety Nov 16, 2009 2911-1418
Driving Safely in Plain Communities Feb 22, 2011 3102-1533
Preventing Falls In and Around Homes Jul 29, 2011 3307-1592
Preventing Work Place Falls Jul 29, 2011 3307-1593
Equine Emergency Preparedness in Virginia Apr 16, 2010 406-500
Skidder Safety and Efficiency: A Discussion Leader's Guide May 26, 2009 420-122
Arthritis and Farming Aug 19, 2014 442-083 (BSE-139P)
Assistive Technologies in Agriculture
In terms of work-related injuries, farming remains one of the most dangerous occupations in the United States. In 2012, 374 farmers and farm workers died from a work-related injury, resulting in a fatality rate of 20.2 deaths per 100,000 farm workers – from accidents resulting from agriculture-related activities (NIOSH 2014). Statistics also reveal that agriculture-related activities result in nonfatal injuries. For example, in 2006, crop and animal-production activities resulted in 22,400 and 13,100 injuries, respectively (U.S. Department of Labor 2006). These nonfatal injuries may include primary as well as secondary injuries.
Dec 3, 2014 442-084 (BSE-183P)
Preventing Secondary Injuries in Agricultural Workplaces
The intent of this fact sheet is to reduce the number of secondary injuries by familiarizing the readers with secondary injuries and the steps they can adopt to minimize them. In addition to identifying common secondary injuries and the most vulnerable groups, the publication discusses steps that can be taken to prevent such injuries. The fact sheet also provides a list of agencies that farmers can contact for assistance when they experience secondary injuries.
Aug 8, 2014 442-085 (BSE-150P)
Machinery Safety on the Farm
Machines; no farm or ranch can function without them. They save valuable time and are essential to agricultural productivity. They also represent an ever-present danger to the people who operate them. There are a host of hazards that makes agricultural machinery the leading cause of injury and death on American farms and ranches.
Dec 3, 2014 442-092 (BSE-179P)
Safe Operation of Compact Tractors
Follow these safety tips and maintenance procedures for checking, servicing, and operating compact tractors to extend their life and reduce breakdowns and accidents.
Aug 8, 2014 442-093 (BSE-148P)
Hay Fire Prevention and Control May 1, 2009 442-105
Large Round Bale Safety
This Extension publication covers the safety aspects of equipment used in large round bale packages such as: balers, front-end loaders, bale handling and transport devices. The key to safe and efficient systems for handling large round bales is an operator who knows the hazards involved and who follows safety practices that can prevent accidents. Operators must be constantly alert for situations that may cause injuries to themselves or others. Besides pain and suffering, accidents contribute to higher costs in terms of unnecessary downtime or costly machine repairs. Alertness and safety consciousness can result in more efficient and profitable baling and handling.
Oct 13, 2014 442-455 (BSE-172P)
Respiratory Protection in Agriculture
Farm workers can encounter a variety of respiratory problems ranging from temporary discomfort caused by allergic reactions to fatal asphyxiation. However, the risk of contracting serious lung diseases or death can be significantly decreased by using respiratory protection (fig. 1). See the sidebar for a list of farm work that requires respiratory protection.
Jul 1, 2014 442-601 (BSE-140P)
Farmer's Lung: Causes and Symptoms of Mold and Dust Induced Respiratory Illness
Farmers account for more than 30 percent of adults dis- abled by respiratory illness. Yet, a large percentage of farmers are nonsmokers. If smoking is not to blame for these ailments, then what is? The answer is farmer’s lung.
Aug 18, 2014 442-602 (BSE-141P)
Farm Security - “Treat it Seriously” – Security for Plant Agriculture: Producer Response for Plant Diseases, Chemical Contamination, and Unauthorized Activity Mar 9, 2011 445-004
Farm Security - “Treat it Seriously” – Security for Plant Agriculture: On-Farm Assessment and Security Practices Mar 9, 2011 445-005
A Farmer’s Responsibilities to His Business
Who is the most valuable person on your farm? Herdsman? Milker? Tractor driver? Many owners forget that they are the most important person on their farm. Why do many dairy farmers immediately call their veterinarian when an animal is sick? Yet many farmers postpone visiting the family doctor when they are sick because “they are too busy and it will get better in a couple of days.” How many times does delaying visiting the family doctor result in the owner visiting the local hospital emergency room and spending several days in the hospital? How many farmers have an annual checkup with their family doctor? How many illnesses (e.g. diabetes, hyper tension, and skin cancer) can be detected at the annual checkup? Many of these health problems can be treated and monitored by their family physician before they grow into major problems. If the owner cannot manage his business when he is ill, who will manage it for him? The farmers’ health and well being is the most important asset on his/her farm.
Jun 6, 2014 AAEC-69NP
Sometimes, Half the Road Is Not Enough™: A Public Safety Awareness Message to Improve Farm Equipment Safety on Public Roadways
This fact sheet is a product of the 2014 Spring Kohl Centre Experience. To find out more about this project team and related information, please go to the Kohl Centre at Virginia Tech’s website: www.kohlcentre.aaec.vt.edu.
Jun 10, 2014 AAEC-70NP
Mental Health Topics for Farm Families and Caregivers: An AgrAbility Virginia Program Resource Sep 15, 2016 AEE-150NP
The Basics of On-Farm Safety: An Introductory Guide by the AgrAbility Virginia Program Sep 15, 2016 AEE-151NP
Agriculture Road Law Fact Sheet Jun 1, 2017 ANR-268NP
Catastrophic Livestock and Poultry Carcass Disposal
This guide is intended to assist Virginia’s farmers in understanding their mortality disposal options during natural disasters and non-infectious disease events. Blizzards, tornadoes, extreme heat, and floods are just a few examples of the severe weather events that may result in significant losses to farm animal populations. Animal losses often cause significant financial losses to the farmers who rely on the income from these animals. Compounding the financial impact of these animal losses is the burden of responsibly disposing of the resulting animal carcasses. Improperly managed, animal carcasses have the potential to spread disease and contaminate surface and groundwater supplies.
Nov 19, 2013 ANR-76NP (ANR-90NP)
Good Production Practices: Reading a Medication Label
Purpose: To teach youth how to read a medication label and calculate dosages so they are better able to understand how to store and administer medications to different livestock species
Dec 23, 2015 APSC-100P
Good Production Practices: Reading and Understanding a Medication Label Apr 28, 2016 APSC-101P
Good Production Practices: Required Living Space for Sheep May 6, 2016 APSC-103P
Good Production Practices: Understanding the Veterinarian-Client-Patient Relationship Apr 28, 2016 APSC-104P
Good Production Practices: Using the Flight Zone to Handle Livestock Apr 28, 2016 APSC-105P
Good Production Practices: When to Call the Veterinarian Apr 28, 2016 APSC-106P
Good Production Practices: Where Did That Medication Come From? PDF Apr 28, 2016 APSC-107P
Good Production Practices: You Want Me to Eat From That? Apr 28, 2016 APSC-108P
Impact of Composting on Drug Residues in Large Animal Mortality
Mortalities are inevitable in animal agriculture. For most animal operations in the United States, the average annual mortality is estimated to be between 4.5 and 6 percent of the livestock population. Common methods of mortality disposal include burial, rendering, incineration, and use of a landfill. The availability of options for disposing of mortality, particularly rendering, have changed in recent years, and financially and environmentally sound alternatives are needed
Sep 25, 2014 APSC-59P
Good Production Practices: Name That Feed
To demonstrate the importance of properly labeling feeds.
Oct 28, 2015 APSC-98P
Good Production Practices: Proper Storage, Labeling, and Accounting for Medications
Purpose: To teach youth how to read a medication label so they are better able to understand how to store and administer medications for different livestock species.
Dec 7, 2015 APSC-99P
Household Water Quality in Franklin County, Virginia
In October 2013, residents from Franklin County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 2, 2014 BSE-154NP
Household Water Quality in Goochland and Powhatan Counties, Virginia
In February 2013, residents from Goochland and Powhatan Counties participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 3, 2014 BSE-155NP
Household Water Quality in Halifax County, Virginia
In August 2013, residents from Halifax County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 3, 2014 BSE-156NP
Household Water Quality in Hanover County, Virginia
In April 2013, residents from Hanover County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program
Sep 3, 2014 BSE-157NP
Household Water Quality in Loudoun County, Virginia
In October 2013, residents from Loudoun County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 5, 2014 BSE-158NP
Household Water Quality in Montgomery County, Virginia
In March 2013, residents from Montgomery County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 5, 2014 BSE-159NP
Household Water Quality in New Kent and Charles City Counties, Virginia
In July 2013, residents from New Kent and Charles City Counties participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 5, 2014 BSE-160NP
Household Water Quality in Nottoway County, Virginia
In September 2013, residents from Nottoway County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 5, 2014 BSE-161NP
Household Water Quality in Pittsylvania County, Virginia
In October 2013, residents from Pittsylvania County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension(VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 5, 2014 BSE-162NP
Household Water Quality in Pulaski and Wythe Counties Virginia
In May 2013, residents from Pulaski and Wythe Counties participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 8, 2014 BSE-163NP
Household Water Quality in Roanoke County, Virginia
In May 2013, residents from Roanoke County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 8, 2014 BSE-164NP
Household Water Quality in Clarke County, Virginia
In June 2013, residents from Clarke County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 8, 2014 BSE-166NP
Household Water Quality in Shenandoah County, Virginia
In June 2013, residents from Shenandoah County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the localVirginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 8, 2014 BSE-167NP
Household Water Quality in Warren County, Virginia
In June 2013, residents from Warren County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 8, 2014 BSE-168NP
Household Water Quality in Page County, Virginia
In June 2013, residents from Page County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program. Erin Ling, Water Quality Extension Associate, and Brian Benham, Extension Specialist and Professor, Biological Systems Engineering Department, Virginia Tech
Sep 8, 2014 BSE-169NP
Household Water Quality in Frederick County, Virginia
In June 2013, residents from Frederick County participated in a drinking water testing clinic sponsored by the local Virginia Cooperative Extension(VCE) office and the Virginia Household Water Quality Program.
Sep 9, 2014 BSE-170NP
Grape Production Injuries and Prevention
Grape acreage and production have been steadily increasing in the US. In 2010 there were approximately 23,000 farms with a total of 944,800 acres producing grapes. Ninety percent of these farms are smaller than 100 acres and about 16,000 of these were vineyards. California accounts for about 90% of the total production in the US. The next two largest grape producing states are Washington and New York and they produce approximately 6% and 2% respectively (NASS-USDA, 2014)
Jun 30, 2015 BSE-186NP
Lawn Care: Hand Tools Safety
Many hand tools such as shovels, hoes, rakes, trimmers, and pruners are widely used in lawn care and landscaping. While these tools appear to be harmless, when used improperly, they can cause injuries that sometimes require medical treatment. In 2006, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported nearly 205,000 cases of injuries and/or illnesses resulting from the use of hand tools.
Nov 5, 2013 BSE-40NP (BSE-98P)
Lawn Care: Powered Hand Tool Safety
In addition to mowers and hand tools, several powered hand tools such as string trimmers, lawn edgers, hedge trimmers, and leaf blowers are widely used in landscaping work. These machines can be dangerous if they are used improperly. A past study has shown that string trimmers and edgers alone cause more than 4,600 injuries that require emergency room treatment each year. About one-third of these cases are eye injuries.
Nov 6, 2013 BSE-41NP (BSE-97P)
Lawn Care: Rotary Mower Safety Nov 5, 2013 BSE-42NP (BSE-96P)
Lawn Care: Tractor Safety
Most tractors used in landscaping, lawn care, and golf course maintenance are compact tractors in the 20 to 40 horsepower range. Although these tractors are considerably smaller than farm tractors, they are susceptible to the same types of accidents, with potential for serious injuries or deaths. Causes for such serious accidents are often the same in both cases, and therefore, the steps to take to avoid the accidents are the same.
Nov 5, 2013 BSE-43NP (BSE-100P)
Lawn Care: Utility-Type Vehicle Safety
Utility-type vehicles are popular, multipurpose equipment used for different applications in the lawn care industry. Their hauling capability and versatility have increased their popularity, and they are widely used in rural, suburban, and urban settings for a variety of lawn care, agricultural, construction, and industrial applications.
Nov 5, 2013 BSE-44NP (BSE-99P)
Guidelines for Protecting Youth Workers: Promote Safe Practices and Protect Youth Workers
A large number of teenage workers in the U.S. engage in summer jobs for reasons such as personal development, gaining work experience, developing work skills, and generating funds for furthering their education and for spending money.
Aug 13, 2014 BSE-46NP (BSE-107P)
Rotary Mowers Safety: Lawncare Training Guide
Mowing lawns continues to be one of the most popular summer job opportunities for youth given the affordable cost and ease in operation of most rotary mowers. However, easy access and widespread use of mowers often creates a false sense of security among the users of these machines. Data from a seven-year period (1996-2003) showed the highest rate of hospitalization from lawn mower injuries was for youth workers ages 15 to 19. The Consumer Product Safety Commission reported that more than 37,000 riding mower injuries occurred from 2003 through 2005 alone. During the same period, there were 95 fatalities due to riding mower tip-over. The purpose of this training guide is to reduce the number of mower accidents and injuries by familiarizing young workers with rotary mowers and their safe operation.
Aug 12, 2014 BSE-47P (BSE-110P)
Tractor Safety: Lawn Care Training Guide, Safe Use of Tractors
Tractors are versatile equipment used in a variety of jobs ranging from hauling goods to lawn care to agriculture. While they are extremely versatile, they can be very dangerous unless they are used with care following safe practices
Sep 25, 2014 BSE-48NP (BSE-111P)
Utility Type Vehicles: UTV Maintenance and Safe Use Lawn Care Training Guide
Utility type vehicles (UTVs) are popular equipment used in a variety of settings, including the lawn care industry. Their hauling capacity and versatility have increased their popularity, and they are widely used in rural, suburban, and urban settings for a variety of lawn care, agricultural, construction, and industrial applications. Considering that UTVs are widely used in the green industry, it is extremely important that young workers in the industry become familiar with the safe operation of UTVs. The purpose of this training guide is to familiarize young workers with the safe use of UTVs.
Jun 6, 2014 BSE-49NP (BSE-108P)
Powered Hand Tools Safety: Lawncare Training Guide
In addition to rotary mowers, many powered hand tools such as string trimmers, lawn edgers, hedge trimmers, and leaf blowers are widely used in lawn care. While these devices are very useful in making jobs easier and more efficient, they can be dangerous if used without proper training and care. In 1989 the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission reported that power lawn trimmers and edgers alone have caused about 4,600 injuries annually that required medical attention. About one-third of these were eye-related.
Sep 24, 2014 BSE-50P (BSE-112P)
Hand Tools Safety: Lawn Care Training Guide Hand Tool Care and Safe Use
Many hand tools such as rakes, shovels, and pruners are used widely in lawn care operations. While these non-powered tools are not known to cause major injuries, they have the potential for injuries that may require absence from work and/or medical assistance when they are used improperly.
Sep 15, 2014 BSE-51P (BSE-113P)
Tractor-Mounted Lifts Jan 8, 2013 BSE-58NP
Tractor-Mounted Vertical Lifts Jan 8, 2013 BSE-59NP
Tractor-Mounted Inclined Lifts Jan 8, 2013 BSE-60NP
Guidelines for In-House Composting Poultry Mortality as a Rapid Response to Avian Influenza
Composting is a biological heating process that results in the natural degradation of Composting is a biological heating process that results in the natural degradation of organic resources (such as poultry carcasses) by microorganisms. Composting has been successfully used throughout the United States for nearly two decades to control outbreaks of avian influenza. Composting can be effective with most bird types and poultry house designs.organic resources (such as poultry carcasses) by microorganisms. Composting has been successfully used throughout the United States for nearly two decades to control outbreaks of avian influenza. Composting can be effective with most bird types and poultry house designs.
Sep 24, 2015 CSES-142NP
Previniendo accidentes de trabajadores rurales ligados al manejo de silajes Jun 19, 2017 DASC-100s
Previniendo accidentes de trabajadores rurales ligados al manejo de silajes Jul 24, 2017 DASC-102s
Preventing silage-related injuries and fatalitites among farm workers Jul 25, 2017 DASC-103NP
Management of compost-bedded pack barns Mar 11, 2016 DASC-78NP
Preventing silage-related injuries and fatalities among farm workers Jun 19, 2017 DASC-99
Beating Stress: Challenges, Choices, Changes
Stress comes in many forms. There are normal and predictable stressors, such as a new job, getting married, or moving.
Aug 29, 2014 FCS-68P