Authors as Published

Alex X. Niemiera, Associate Professor, Department of Horticulture

(Myrica cerifera)


Foliage: Deciduous broadleaf

Height: 15 feet

Spread: 15 feet

Shape: Upright, multi-stem

Southern waxmyrtle is a large evergreen shrub or small tree depending on how one prunes it.

This species tolerates wet and dry soils and females have a somewhat showy display of gray berries in the fall/winter.

Plant Needs:

Zone: 7 (6b) to 11

Light: Partial shade to full sun

Moisture: Moist to dry

Soil Type: Sandy, loam, or clay

pH Range: 3.7 to 6.5


Suggested uses for this plant include border, massing, foundation, and screen.

Planting Notes:

Plant both male and female plants for berries.

Extremely adaptable. Thrives in poor sandy or heavy clay soils. Will generally produce more fruit when grown in poor soil. Salt tolerant.


Easy to maintain.

Test soil and adjust soil pH if it is too high.


No serious pests.

Iron chlorosis is a problem in high pH soils.


Consult local garden centers, historic or public gardens and arboreta regarding cultivars and related species that grow well in your area.

Related species:

Northern bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica) is a large shrub with a similar culture to southern waxmyrtle but differs in its hardiness zone range which is zone 3 to 6. The fruit display is showier on northern bayberry compared to southern waxmyrtle. Both species fix nitrogen which means that bacteria that reside on roots can covert atmospheric (gaseous) nitrogen into a fertilizer form that plants can use. Both species will sucker and spread throughout a growing bed (especially northern bayberry). In terms of soil stabilization, this is an advantage. In terms of a garden bed, this may be a disadvantage.


In addition to the salt, wet and dry soil tolerance, bayberries are grown for their aromatic leaves and its waxy, gray berries.

Because of their fragrance, the fruit were historically used in making barberry-scented candles.


This material was developed by Carol Ness as part of the Interactive Design and Development Project funded by the Kellogg Foundation.

Virginia Cooperative Extension materials are available for public use, reprint, or citation without further permission, provided the use includes credit to the author and to Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, and Virginia State University.

Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Edwin J. Jones, Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; M. Ray McKinnie, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State University, Petersburg.

Publication Date

May 1, 2009

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