Resources by Patricia A. Hipkins
|Pesticides and Aquatic Animals: A Guide to Reducing Impacts on Aquatic Systems||
Fisheries and aquatic resources (ponds, lakes, rivers, streams, and oceans) are exceptionally valuable natural assets enjoyed by millions of Americans. They provide citizens with generous long-term benefits in return for minimal care and protection.
|May 1, 2009||420-013|
|Groundwater Quality and the Use of Lawn and Garden Chemicals by Homeowners||May 1, 2009||426-059|
|Droplet Chart / Selection Guide||
When choosing nozzles/droplet sizes for spray applications, applicators must consider both coverage needed and drift potential. As a rule, smaller droplets provide better coverage, but larger droplets are less likely to drift.
|Sep 25, 2014||442-031 (BSE-149P)|
|Nozzles: Selection and Sizing||
This fact sheet covers nozzle description, recommended use for common nozzle types, and orifice sizing for agricultural and turf sprayers. Proper selection of a nozzle type and size is essential for correct and accurate pesticide application. The nozzle is a major factor in determining the amount of spray applied to an area, uniformity of application, coverage obtained on the target surface, and amount of potential drift.
|Jan 31, 2014||442-032 (BSE-103P)|
|Fine Tuning a Sprayer with “Ounce” Calibration Method||
This extension publication discusses guidelines to quickly evaluate the performance of a sprayer. Sprayer calibration, nozzle discharge, spray pattern uniformity, speed checks, pump performance, and plumbing arrangements are evaluated with minimal calculations.
|Dec 3, 2014||442-453 (BSE-178P)|
|Farm Security - “Treat it Seriously” – Security for Plant Agriculture: Producer Response for Plant Diseases, Chemical Contamination, and Unauthorized Activity||Mar 9, 2011||445-004|
|Farm Security - “Treat it Seriously” – Security for Plant Agriculture: On-Farm Assessment and Security Practices||Mar 9, 2011||445-005|
|Environmental Best Management Practices for Virginia's Golf Courses||Feb 27, 2013||ANR-48NP|
|Accurate Application and Placement of Chemicals on Lawns||Jul 16, 2012||BSE-39NP|
|Pyridine Herbicide Carryover: Causes and Precautions||May 9, 2012||VTTP-6NP|