Resources by Wade E. Thomason

Title Available As Summary Date ID Author
2008 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots May 1, 2009 2812-1025
Virginia No-Till Fact Sheet Series Number Five - Understanding Ammonia Volatilization from Fertilizers
Loss of nitrogen (N) as ammonia gas (NH3) is known as volatilization. While volatilization directly from soil can occur, such loss is generally relatively small compared to the amount that can be lost from fertilizers. Volatilization losses can be significant with granular urea and urea-ammonium nitrate (UAN) sources, but the amount of loss varies greatly depending on placement of the fertilizer, soil pH, soil texture, and climatic conditions after application.
Sep 25, 2015 2908-1404(CSES-130NP)
Virginia No-Till Fact Sheet Series Number Six - Nitrogen Fertilizer Sources and Properties Aug 27, 2009 2908-1405
Virginia Tech On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots - Eastern Virginia, August 2009
A Summary of Replicated Research and Demonstration Plots Conducted by Virginia Cooperative Extension in Cooperation with Local Producers and Agribusinesses
Aug 28, 2009 2908-1409
2009 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots
A summary of replicated research conducted by Virginia Cooperative Extension in cooperation with local producers and agribusinesses
Jan 27, 2010 3001-1434
Pop-up and/or Starter Fertilizers for Corn Mar 8, 2010 3002-1438
Corn Fertility Update – Spring 2010 Jun 11, 2010 3006-1448
Small Grains In 2011 Jul 21, 2011 3007-1456
Virginia Tech On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots, Eastern Virginia, August 2010 Aug 19, 2010 3008-1457
Virginia No-Till Fact Sheet Series Number Two: Nitrogen Fertilizer Injection in No-Till Systems
Liquid nitrogen fertilizers have typically been surface applied. This method of application places the fertilizer where the urea nitrogen component of the solution is susceptible to volatilization losses.
Sep 25, 2015 3011-1516(CSES-131NP)
2010 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots Dec 21, 2010 3012-1521
Managing Fusarium Head Blight in Virginia Small Grains
Fusarium head blight (FHB), or scab, continues to impact small grain crops grown in Virginia. Caused primarily by the fungus Fusarium graminearum (also known as Gibberella zeae), this disease can negatively impact yield and grain quality.
Mar 4, 2011 3102-1535
2011 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots Aug 12, 2011 3108-1593
The Virginia Perennial Cool-Season Grass Forage Variety Report: A 3-Year Summary (2002-2004) May 1, 2009 418-200
Using the Virginia Cooperative Extension Climate Analysis Web Tool to Develop a Corn Planting Strategy May 1, 2009 424-003
Using the Virginia Cooperative Extension Climate Analysis Web Tool to Better Manage and Predict Wheat Development May 1, 2009 424-004
No-Tillage Small Grain Production in Virginia May 1, 2009 424-005
Growing Small Grains for Forage in Virginia May 1, 2009 424-006
Growing Hulless Barley in the Mid-Atlantic May 1, 2009 424-022
Growing Bread Wheat in the Mid-Atlantic Region May 1, 2009 424-024
Successful No-Tillage Corn Production Jul 29, 2009 424-030
Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots 2006 May 1, 2009 424-038-06
2007 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots May 1, 2009 424-038-07
Tips for Profitable Variety Selection: How to Use Data From Different Types of Variety Trials Jul 29, 2011 424-040
Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots, 2005 May 1, 2009 424-050
Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots, 2006 May 1, 2009 424-050-06
Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots, 2007 May 1, 2009 424-050-07
Deep Tillage Prior to No-Till Corn: Research and Recommendations May 1, 2009 424-053
Using the Virginia Cooperative Extension Climate Analysis Web Tool to Monitor, Predict, and Manage Corn Development May 1, 2009 424-055
Understanding Pre-harvest Sprouting of Wheat
Germination of wheat within the grain head before harvest is called pre-harvest sprouting (PHS).
May 11, 2009 424-060
Precision Farming Tools: Variable-Rate Application Aug 1, 2011 442-505
Precision Farming Tools: Soil Electrical Conductivity May 1, 2009 442-508
Soil Test Note #2 - Field Crops
Most Virginia soils are acidic and require lime applications at three- to five-year intervals. Maintaining the correct soil pH has several benefits, such as encouraging healthy root development and making sure nutrients in the soil are available to the plant. For example, low pH can cause aluminum toxicity and can decrease phosphorus availability.
Sep 25, 2014 452-702 (CSES-100P)
2014 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by six Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s on farm small grain plot work to you. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop in 2015.
Aug 11, 2014 ANR-113NP
2014 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots
These demonstration and replicated studies provide information that can be used by Virginia corn growers to make better management decisions on their farms. Refer to individual results for more details.
Dec 11, 2014 ANR-134NP
2015 VIRGINIA ON-FARM WHEAT TEST PLOTS
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by seven Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an associate professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s onfarm small grain plot work to you.
Aug 12, 2015 ANR-159NP
2015 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots
A summary of replicated research and demonstration plots conducted by Virginia Cooperative Extension in cooperation with local producers and agribusinesses
Dec 14, 2015 ANR-172NP
2012 Virginia On-Farm Small Grain Test Plots Jul 20, 2012 ANR-19NP
2011 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots (formerly VCE pub #3012-1521) Dec 9, 2011 ANR-2
2016 Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots Aug 10, 2016 ANR-217NP
2016 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots
The research and demonstration plots discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by nine Virginia Cooperative Extension employees, a faculty member at Virginia State University, numerous producers, and many members of the agribusiness community. The field work and printing of this publication are mainly supported by the Virginia Corn Check-Off Fund through the Virginia Corn Board. Anyone who would like a copy should contact their local extension agent, who can request a copy from the Essex County Extension office.
Dec 9, 2016 ANR-235NP
2017 Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots Aug 14, 2017 ANR-284NP
2012 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots Nov 29, 2012 ANR-31NP
2013 Virginia On-Farm Wheat Test Plots
The demonstration and research plot results discussed in this publication are a cooperative effort by eight Virginia Cooperative Extension agents, extension specialists from Virginia Tech, and an assistant professor at the Virginia State University School of Agriculture. We are proud to present this year’s on-farm small grain plot work to you. We hope the information in this publication will help farmers produce a profitable crop in 2014.
Jul 31, 2013 ANR-78NP
2013 Virginia On-Farm Corn Test Plots
These demonstration and replicated studies provide information that can be used by Virginia corn growers to make better management decisions on their farms. Refer to individual results for more details.
Dec 4, 2013 ANR-96NP
Virginia Cover Crops Fact Sheet Series No. 1: Beneficial Uses of Cover Crops
The general purpose of a cover crop is to improve the soil, the broader environment, or other crops in rotation, not for direct harvest. Cover crops, depending on which are selected, are capable of providing many diverse assets. This publication provides a short description of these main benefits.
May 5, 2015 CSES-120NP
Virginia Cover Crops Fact Sheet Series No. 2: Cover Crop Performance Evaluation in Field and Controlled Studies
Cover crops increase soil organic matter, reduce erosion, suppress weeds, forage for nutrients, and reduce fertilizer costs (Clark, 2007). Cover crop species vary greatly and provide varied benefits. Performance evaluation of cover crop species and mixtures is needed in Virginia.
May 5, 2015 CSES-121NP
Nitrogen and Sulfur Leaching Potential in Virginia
Early summer often means locally heavy and sporadic rainfall as thunderstorms deliver intense rains, and 2015 appears to be no different with many areas in eastern Virginia receiving 3+ inches of rain in a few days (Figure 1). These storms also often coincide with the timing of sidedress nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) applications on corn. While some rainfall after sidedress is very beneficial to facilitate N movement into soil, heavy rain (2+ inches) often leaves us wondering how much, if any, of that recently-applied N remains and if additional N is needed.
Jun 19, 2015 CSES-125NP
The Nutrient Value of Straw
The mature and dried stem, leaves, and chaff remaining after barley and wheat are harvested is known as straw. Many farmers around Virginia harvest straw by baling in small bales, large round bales, or large square bales that range in weight from 40 to 1,000 lbs. plus per bale.
Jun 19, 2015 CSES-126NP
Small Grain Forage Variety Testing, 2015
A forage production trial of commercial barley, oats, rye, triticale, and wheat cultivars has been conducted yearly from 1994-2015 at the Northern Piedmont AREC, Orange. Results from the 2014-15 crop season are presented in this report.
Jun 24, 2015 CSES-127NP
Small Grains in 2015
The following tables present results from barley and wheat varietal tests conducted in Virginia in 2013-2015. Small-grain cultivar performance tests are conducted each year in Virginia by the Virginia Tech Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences and the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station.
Jul 29, 2015 CSES-129NP
Virginia Tech Corn Silage Testing 2015
This report contains the results for performance trials from commercial corn hybrids produced for silage at four locations in Virginia in 2015 as well as two and three year average performance, when available. In order to avoid problems with comparisons over sites and years, multi-year yields are presented as a percentage of the total called relative yield at that particular site-year combination. All locations were planted with a Wintersteiger PlotKing 2600 planter and harvested with commercial silage equipment. Yields are presented on a dry matter and 35% dry matter basis for comparison. Quality analysis was performed using a Foss NIR XDS Rapid Content Analyzer. All hybrids entered in the Virginia trials were submitted for testing by commercial companies. The locations at which particular hybrids were entered were specified by the company. Companies entering hybrids were charged a fee for each hybrid per location to support the Virginia Corn Silage Performance Trials.
Nov 6, 2015 CSES-148NP
Virginia Corn Hybrid and Management Trials in 2015
Performance trials of commercial corn hybrids were conducted at six locations in Virginia in 2015. The Mt. Holly location consisted of both an irrigated and non-irrigated test. All locations were planted with a Wintersteiger PlotKing 2600. All locations were harvested with a Massey-Ferguson 8XP plot combine. Yields have been adjusted to 15.5% moisture. Grain test weight, moisture, and plot grain weights were measured with a GrainGauge® manufactured by HarvestMaster. A list of the companies participating in the trials is shown in the above table. All hybrids entered in the Virginia trials were those submitted by commercial companies. The locations at which particular hybrids were entered were specified by the company. Companies entering hybrids were charged a fee for each hybrid per location to support the Virginia Corn Hybrid and Management Trials.
Nov 12, 2015 CSES-149NP
Corn Emergence Evaluation
There is much emphasis placed on the importance of stand uniformity and emergence in producing high yielding corn. Stand uniformity refers to spacing while uniformity of emergence refers to how even emergence is within the field.
Feb 25, 2016 CSES-157NP
Small Grain Forage Variety Testing, 2016
A forage production trial of commercial barley, oats, rye, triticale, and wheat cultivars has been conducted yearly from 1994-2016 at the Northern Piedmont AREC, Orange. Results from the 2015-16 crop season are presented in this report.
Jun 27, 2016 CSES-165NP
Small Grains in 2016 Jul 27, 2016 CSES-167NP
Yellow Corn in Virginia – Spring 2016
Many of the corn fields on the Eastern Shore and in Eastern Virginia are “yellow” and stunted due to the weather this Spring (Figs. 1 and 2) and is similar to conditions that Virginia farmers experienced in Spring 2010. There are many reasons for the corn to be yellow that range from nutrient deficiencies to abiotic factors.
Oct 10, 2016 CSES-171NP
Virginia Tech Corn Silage Testing 2016
This report contains the results for performance trials from commercial corn hybrids produced for silage at four locations in Virginia in 2016 as well as two and three year average performance, when available. In order to avoid problems with comparisons over sites and years, multi-year yields are presented as a percentage of the total called relative yield at that particular site-year combination. All locations were planted with a Wintersteiger PlotKing 2600 planter and harvested with commercial silage equipment. Yields are presented on a dry matter and 35% dry matter basis for comparison. Quality analysis was performed using a Foss NIR XDS Rapid Content Analyzer. All hybrids entered in the Virginia trials were submitted for testing by commercial companies. The locations at which particular hybrids were entered were specified by the company. Companies entering hybrids were charged a fee for each hybrid per location to support the Virginia Corn Silage Performance Trials.
Oct 21, 2016 CSES-173NP
Virginia Corn Hybrid and Management Trials in 2016
Performance trials of commercial corn hybrids were conducted at six locations in Virginia in 2016. The Mt. Holly location consisted of both an irrigated and non-irrigated test. All locations were planted with a Wintersteiger PlotKing 2600. All locations were harvested with a Massey-Ferguson 8XP plot combine. Yields have been adjusted to 15.5% moisture. Grain test weight, moisture, and plot grain weights were measured with a GrainGauge® manufactured by HarvestMaster. A list of companies participating in the trials is provided before the table of contents. All hybrids entered in the Virginia trials are those submitted by commercial companies. The locations at which particular hybrids were entered were specified by the company. Companies entering hybrids were charged a fee for each hybrid per location to support the Virginia Corn Hybrid and Management Trials.
Nov 11, 2016 CSES-174NP
Small Grains in 2012
The following are the small grain variety recommendations for Virginia in 2012. The recommendations are based on the agronomic performance in wheat and barley variety tests conducted by the Research and Extension Divisions of Virginia Tech in the various agricultural regions of the state.
Jul 27, 2012 CSES-18NP
Value and implications of corn stover removal from Virginia fields
There has recently been increased interest in the use of crop residues for different industrial uses in the US and the world. Corn residue is frequently cited as the most likely candidate for alternate industrial uses because of the large area of production and the relatively large amount of residue produced per acre. Among the potential alternate uses for corn stover, biofuel production has received the greatest attention.
Apr 6, 2017 CSES-180 (CSES-182NP)
Yellow Corn in Virginia – Spring 2017
According to Meteorologist Scott Minnick with the NOAA-National Weather Service in Wakefield, VA, May 2017 is “yet another wet and cloudy May for the record books. With the rain on [May 31, 2017], Norfolk moved up to the 3rd wettest May on record.” The 2017 growing year is almost identical to last year (the wettest May on record for Norfolk, VA), with a dry March and April leading into a record breaking cool and wet May as corn tries to establish roots. Young corn largely depends on residual and starter fertilizer prior to sidedress applications and these fractions can be impacted greatly with excessive rain.
Jul 10, 2017 CSES-193NP
Small Grain Forage Variety Testing, 2017
A forage production trial of commercial barley, oats, rye, triticale, and wheat cultivars has been conducted yearly from 1994-2017 at the Northern Piedmont AREC, Orange. Results from the 2016-17 crop season are presented in this report.
Jul 24, 2017 CSES-194NP
Small Grains in 2017 Jul 28, 2017 CSES-198NP
Small Grains in 2013
The following are the small grain variety recommendations for Virginia in 2013. The recommendations are based on the agronomic performance in wheat and barley variety tests conducted by the Research and Extension Divisions of Virginia Tech in the various agricultural regions of the state.
Aug 7, 2013 CSES-62NP
Sensor-Based, Variable-Rate Nitrogen Applications in Virginia
Variable-rate applications (VRA) of nitrogen (N) fertilizers are a new option to assist producers with real-time fertilizer rate decisions. Two commercially available systems that allow variable-rate nitrogen applications are GreenSeeker (Trimble Navigation Limited; www. ntechindustries.com/greenseeker-home.html) and the OptRx Crop Sensor (Ag Leader Technology; www. agleader.com/products/directcommand/optrx/). A discussion of the science behind these systems, potential economic benefits, and other methodologies to make VRA is discussed in Virginia Cooperative Extension publication 442-505, “Precision Farming Tools: Variable- Rate Application” (Grisso et al. 2011).
Aug 8, 2014 CSES-90P
Small Grains in 2014
The following are the small grain variety recommendations for Virginia in 2014. The recommendations are based on the agronomic performance in wheat and barley variety tests conducted by the Research and Extension Divisions of Virginia Tech in the various agricultural regions of the state.
Aug 1, 2014 CSES-97NP
Comparative Nutritional Quality of Winter Crops for Silage Feb 23, 2017 DASC-93P
2015 Virginia Grain Sorghum Performance Tests
The 2015 grain sorghum OVT tests contained 21 hybrids planted as a full season crop and 22 as double crop. Full season tests were conducted at three locations, the Tidewater Agricultural Research and Extension Center (TAREC) in Suffolk, VA, the Eastern Virginia Agricultural Research and Extension Center (EVAREC) in Warsaw, VA, and in a farmer field near Windsor, VA, in Isle of Wight County. The double crop sorghum trials were conducted at three locations, the TAREC, in a farmer field near Windsor, VA, in Isle of Wight County, and in a farmer field near Locust Grove, VA, in Orange County.
Feb 12, 2016 PPWS-72NP